Though she moved on from Conscious Food years back, she put her energies into setting up the farmer’s market. “I started this market to help our farmers get their due. The response has been good if not overwhelming. But as I see it, we have a long way to go. People who come to visit this market are those who truly believe in organic,” she says.
Organic fruit and vegetables apart this market, located in Mumbai’s western suburb of Bandra, also has goodies like organic sugar candy floss, organic tea and coffee, auro natural wall paints and macrobiotic food.
“It is not easy for farmers in India to get organic certification for their produce especially when standards for hygiene maintenance and transportation are high and when there is copious paperwork involved. There are many certification agencies that label organic produce; in our case, we have tied up with EcoCert, an international agency that certifies organic products,” she adds.
But is organic really the “real thing”? “Yes,” says Mukhi, “Organic foods are those that are grown without chemical fertilisers and pesticides, on land that has not been contaminated for at least three years. I have been using the term planet-friendly to indicate produce grown with natural manure and natural pesticides only.”
Nutritionist Ishi Khosla is only too happy to spell out the benefits of organic eating. The founder and director of Whole Foods says, “Growing food organically doesn’t alter the nutritional content but avoids the synthetic pesticidal and insecticidal residues. Besides the fact that these foods contain fewer chemical residues, they also retain phenolic compounds – chemicals that act as a plant's natural defense – that also happen to be good for our health. These plant compounds are lost or significantly reduced in conventional farming.”
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), by 2015, India is likely to incur a loss of $236.6 billion due to unhealthy lifestyle and faulty diet. Khosla points out, “As Indians are genetically predisposed to chronic diseases such as diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD) it is necessary to be conscious of the food choices we make. With many more people now indulging in dietary indiscretions - given the plethora of processed foods at our disposal - and eventually inviting serious health disorders, going organic is a sensible way of bringing about the much needed healthy changes in not just food but our overall lifestyle.”
Though Khosla continues to spread the word on organic foods through Whole Foods, she believes that a sea change in the attitude towards health can only take place with government intervention: With the help of necessary policy changes that will promote the consumption of healthy food.
But as the director of Navdanya, a three-and-a-half-year-old store in Andheri, Mumbai, Reetha Balsavar has seen the change in consumer patterns and vouches for the growing popularity of all things organic. She says, “People are picking up the organic mantra slowly and steadily. Primarily, it is the womenfolk leading the way. Our clientele has grown steadily over the years. We have broadly four different categories of clients – young mothers, who want to start their children on an organic diet and slowly convert the entire household; the second are people who have had a taste of the organic lifestyle while living abroad and want to continue with the same trend back home; the third category consists of people who have been, or have had a family member affected by serious ailments such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease, and the fourth are those who are already eco conscious and believe in living a planet-friendly life. I believe there is always a trigger for people to start off. The campaigns against the BT Brinjal last year have made that tangible difference in making people aware and understand the importance of natural (read organic).” Navdanya retails a variety of agricultural produce, including dals (pulses), attas (flours), spices, rice, squashes, dry fruit, herbal teas, and so on.
Despite the knowledge and obvious benefits of chemical-free food items, perhaps the one reason that is keeping many people away from these outlets are the higher prices of these products. Says Urvashi Mody, partner of Eco Corner Mumbai, a store that encourages living a healthy and eco-friendly lifestyle, “Although organic products are available for a premium, the current environmental climate consciousness is leading more and more people to go organic when they can afford it. It is our mission to place our product range within the reach of every eco-conscious citizen of India. The good news is that there is large scale awareness already; our regular clientele apart, first-time visitors do not walk away without the knowledge of why it is necessary to adopt an organic lifestyle.” Home accessories, aroma products, natural bath and body products, jute handbags and exclusive handmade stationary products are available at Eco Corner.
Khosla adds to this hopeful attitude, “The market for organic products is growing rapidly and although some of these, particularly organic foods, cost 10 to 15 per cent more than that of conventional food items - which are anyway not cheap, given the current economic climate in the country - with higher demand and consumption of organic products, the prices are likely to come down eventually.”
In fact, Navdanya’s organic foods prices are more or less in line with regular market rates: A 500 gram packet of Toor dal comes at Rs 65 or Masoor dal at Rs 60; flours like besan (gram flour) and ragi (finger millet) are sold for Rs 47 and Rs 42, respectively, for 500 grams.
The price difference was also visible at Mukhi’s farmer’s market recently. According to media reports, a few weeks back when the onion prices shot up, retailing in the regular markets from anywhere between Rs 60 to Rs 70 per kilo, at the organic market, they sold for Rs 40. The vegetables at the farmer’s market are supplied by a co-operative of over 2,000 farmers in the Nashik region near Mumbai, whose practices are attested by Ecocert. The farmers harvest and transport the produce to the city at their own expense while the market provides them with the space to sell. Prices are set depending on the farming labour, costs and a fair return.
But while this market may not be exactly a fair comparison price-wise - since there are costs involved for regular retailers which are not included into the price of the vegetables here (they have the support of the market organisers) - what it does demonstrate, is that organic foods can soon actually become a viable alternative.