Amla is worshipped as an auspicious fruit from the ancient time and respected as a symbol of good health. The festival Amala Navami is celebrated at the begining of winter season of Hindu calender, where Amla tree are socially and religiously propagated among people and cultivated for promotion of good health. In Hinduism, amla is regarded as a sacred tree worshipped as Mother Earth. Amla is one of the most often used herb in Indian Ayurveda. Chyavan rushi an ancient seer-was rejuvenated by Aswini-kumars by a preparation, chiefly containing fruits of Amla. Amla is a household medicinal plant in India. It has a reputation as a powerful rejuvenating herb. Indian Research shows that 8.75 mg of natural vitamin C from Amla is equivalent to 100mg of the most commonly used synthetic vitamin C. Amla prossesses the highest level of heat and storage stable vitamin C known to man.
Sanskrit: Amalaki, Hindi: Amala, English-Emblic Myrobalan, Marathi:Awala.
Main Synonyms: Amruta, Shiva, Shrifala, Dhatri, Panchrasa, Bahufala, Kayastha.
Latin name: Phyllanthus emblica
Gana: Vayasthapana,Virechanopaga – (Charak); Triphala, Parushakadi – (Sushruta)
Botanical Description: The tree is a deciduous, small or middle-sized, with a crooked trunk, and spreading branches, leaves, subsessile 10-13 by 2.5-8 mm closely set along the branchlets, distichous, light green, glabrous, narrowly linear obtuse, imbricate when young. Flowers greenish yellow in axillary, fascicles on the leaf-bearing branchlets often on the naked portion below the leaves. Fruit 1.3-1.6 cm, fleshy, glabrous and pale yellow of three 2 seeded crustaceous cocci1.
Parts Used: Dried fruit, the nut or seed, leaves, bark and flowers, ripe fruits.
Habitat: The plant grows throughout India upto 4,500 ft.
Phytochemistry: The fruit is a rich source of ascorbic acid-Vitamin C. Ten gms of fresh fruits contain 600-900 mg of Vitamin C. The small fruit variant contains more Vitamin C then the large variant. According to recent work fruits lose Vitamin C more when dried in the sun than in the shade. Ellagic acid is present in bark.
Guna: Laghu, Ruksha, Rasa: All rasas present except Lavana.
Karma: Rasayana, Pramehaghna, Shukrala, Deepana, Keshya, Medhya, Chakshushya, Anulomana.
Alcoholic extract of the plant (1 gm/kg) has shown an increase in the cardiac glycogen and a decrease in serum GOT, GPT and LDH in isoprotenol pretreated rats, suggesting a cardio-protective action. It showed a reduction in serum cholesterol levels and a significant antiatherogenic effect. This study suggests that Vitamin C content alone may not be responsible for the antiatherogenic effect of the plant in animals.
Benefits of Amla:
Amla is "Sattwic" (stimulates spiritual purity).
Amla Increases "OJAS"(the subtle essence of living matter, the foundation of good health, mental sanity, and spiritual growth).
The edible fruit tissue of Amla contains protein concentration 3-fold and ascorbic acid concentration 160-fold than those of apples. This fruit also contains considerably higher concentration of most minerals and amino acids than apples.
Amla juice has twenty times more vitamin C than orange juice.
Amla is used as cosmetic in India. It is an accepted hair tonic in traditional recipes for enriching hair growth and pigmentation.
Amla has been regarded as a sacred tree in India. The tree was worshipped as Mother Earth and is believed to nurture humankind because the fruits are very nourishing.
1. Antiviral and antimicrobial properties.
Reduction of blood cholesterol levels (hypercholesterolemic activity)
Anti-diabetic activity & anti-triglyceridemic activity.
Pittahara: due to sweet taste and cooling energy.
Vatashamak: due to sour taste,
Kaphashamak: due to its astringent taste and drying action.
Rasayana: rejuvenative; Enhance digestion (dipanapachana), Treat constipation (anuloma), Reduce fever (jvaraghna), Purify the blood (raktaprasadana), Reduce cough (kasahara), Alleviate asthma (svasahara), Strengthen the heart (hrdaya), Benefit the eyes (chakshushya), Stimulate hair growth (romasanjana), Enliven the body (jivaniya), and enhance intellect (medhya).
Medicinal uses:The roots, leaves, seeds and chiefly fruit are used for mediicinal purpose.
The fruit juice is used for a hair-wash to prevent premature greying and hair-fall. It imparts a beautiful lustre and smoothens the hair.
The decoction of fruit juice cleanses and heals the wound faster.
The paste of fruit pulp is applied on skin in burning sensation.
The fruit juice instilled in the eyes, is beneficial in ocular problem.
The skin of bark chewed, alleviates the dental aches.
It enhances appetite, improves digestion, relieves constipation, combats hyperacidity.
It is recomonded in the treatement of skin disease, Raktapitta, Hepatities, Anaemia, Diabetes, urinary disorder and Menorrhagia.
In giddiness due to aggravated pitta, fruit juice and mixed with equal amount of candy is very useful.
Hyperacidity is well controlled with mixture of fruit juice, rock candy and a pinchful of cumin powder.
Rasayan choorna a combination of Amalaki, Guduchi, and Gokshur stem is used with great benefit, to alleviate the excessive body heat and is anabolic ti nourish all the tissue elements (Dhatu).
Number of preparations of Amalaki are available for rejuvenative properties.
Safety: The drug is not reported to have any side effects even after prolonged use.
Formulations and Dosage:
Chayavanaprash : 6-12 gms b.i.d.
Bramhyarasayan : 6-12 gms b.i.d.
Amalaki Rasayan : 6-12 gms b.i.d.
Triphala Churna : 2 gm b.i.d.
Rasayan Churna : 1-2 gms b.i.d.
Kalpa from literature: Sudarsanchurna, Agnikumarras, Jwarbhairavras, Vadvanalras, Sarvang sundarras, Jwarkesariras Shaubhagyavati, Sannipatbhairavras, Vidyadharras Lohasav, Takrarista, Chandraprabhavati, Agnitundivati, Lavangadivati Chyavanprash, Chandramrutras, Laxmivilasras, Nityodayaras, Mahakalyanvati, Yogeshwarras, Kamdhenuras, Somnathras
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