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For Pleasure and Pain
by Gagandeep Kaur Bookmark and Share
 

Botox, breast enlargement or liposuction are pass�.  The new cosmetic surgeries are vaginal reconstruction and hymenoplasty. Vaginal reconstruction or rejuvenation is a surgical procedure, where the lining of the vagina and the muscles around it are tightened. According to doctors, the vagina can become stretched from ageing and childbirth. Vaginal rejuvenation is known to enhance sexual pleasure for women as the process reduces the size of a woman's labia minora, designed to increase sexual gratification and reduce forms of incontinence.

More and more women - usually from the upper class and upper-middle class - are going in for vaginal reconstruction. "Cases of vaginal rejuvenation are certainly increasing. Women who come to us are usually in their 30s or 40s, have been sexually active for several years and have had normal deliveries," says P K Talwar, plastic surgeon at the Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi. Talwar adds that on an average, Apollo gets five-to-six cases every month.

The increasing numbers are proof that more women are asserting their sexual needs. "I separated from my husband recently and I am in another relationship. I wanted to present a newer self to my partner who means a lot to me. So, I decided to go in for vaginal reconstruction in 2005," says Mohita Bisht, 36, who underwent this surgery at Ganga Ram Hospital in New Delhi.

"Earlier, mostly women (between 35 and 45 years of age) from the upper class were coming for this surgery, but now we have women from middle class families also wanting it. Most want to reinvent their sexual life and enjoy it more," says Talwar.

Vaginal rejuvenation costs somewhere between Rs 15,000 and Rs 25,000 (1US$=Rs 45). It is not a very complicated surgery, is usually performed with the help of local anaesthesia, and doesn't involve much of a risk. More cases for hymenoplasty are also emerging in metro cities in India. Many girls and young women who have had premarital sex and are earning well opt for these surgeries just before getting married.

"Referrals for hymenoplasty are indeed more than what they used to be, say, five years ago. Most of my patients are Indians, though some are from abroad, including a few NRIs. Most are unmarried girls who have had premarital sex and are now getting married to another man and want to present themselves as virgins," says Dr Milind Wagh, Consultant Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgeon at L H Hiranandani Hospital in Mumbai. The cost of such a surgery is also between Rs 15,000 and Rs 25,000.

Hymenoplasty is basically reconstruction of the broken hymen tissue at the entrance of the vagina. The hymen tends to break at the time of the first sexual intercourse, often causing a little bleeding. However, doctors emphasize that sexual intercourse is not the only way a hymen may be broken. Physical exercise, including stretching, horse riding or cycling can also cause the hymen to break. A fall or long term use of tampons can also tear the hymen. In many societies, including India, an `intact' hymen is considered proof of sexual inexperience.

Despite dramatic changes in the last 50 years, these societies still expect girls/women to be sexually inexperienced at the time of marriage. So, hymenoplasty helps girls recover their `innocence'.

Feminists worldwide have criticised this growing trend, which they say is the result of desperate social pressures to keep women subservient to men. In fact, some activists say hymenoplasty is like female genital mutilation!

In India, among many families, a bride's virginity is still considered the best wedding gift to the groom. Research says that hymenoplasty actually results in women feeling pain all over again during sexual intercourse. Feminists find this very disturbing. Undergoing a surgery only to enhance pain is both destructive and regressive, they believe. In fact, the demand for hymenoplasty is considered a very dangerous trend. It implies that women who have had a sexual history will not be accepted in society, and will have to be `reborn' to find social acceptance.

Although in India, the demand for hymenoplasty has not reached alarming proportions, feminists are concerned that even a few cases of `revirgination' can set the women's rights struggle back by several decades.  

16-Jul-2006
More by :  Gagandeep Kaur
 
Views: 6306
Article Comment please tell me,after hymenoplasty what will be the effect on sex life after marriage,any regular pain will be there and effect on pregnency? are there any side effects after hymenoplasty?how much time do a person need to recovery fully to do sex again.i want to know about the reputed doctor and cost in delhi for hymenoplasty.
please help me soon by reply om my email id and please send me the contact details of doctor.
my email id is archanachaudhary02@gamil.com.
archana
05/07/2014
Article Comment just visit any near by beauty clinic lke VLCC or any good hospital dey cn perform it n vaginal reconstruction will cost sm whr arnd 40k inr n hymanoplasty may be 35k INR in india
Roo89
03/25/2014
Article Comment please tell me, after hymenoplasty what will
be the effect on the sex life after marriage,
any regular pains will be there and effect on
prenancy ?
are there any side affects after hymenoplasty?
how much time do a person need to recovery fully to do sex again.

please help me soon by reply on my email
shikha soni
02/12/2014
Article Comment I want to know about the reputed doctor and cost in mumbai for hymnoplasty. plz send me the contact details of doctor on my mail id. regards
seema
01/15/2014
Article Comment hi
please tell me after hymenoplasty what will be the effect on the sex life after marriage any regular pains will be there and effect on prenancy ? also please tell me if any doctor can digose that any surgery has been performed? how much time do a person need to recovery fully to do sex again. please help me soon by reply on my email
esha
11/16/2013
Article Comment i want to know about the cost of hymenoplasty and also that if I want to tightening the vaginal walls,,,do hymenoplasty involve the tightening of vaginal walls?
do let me know on my email.
many thanks,
priyanka
priyanka
10/04/2013
Article Comment nice artical
j.b.singh
07/27/2013
Article Comment kindly tel me the duration of the surgery nd suggest sme surgery center in Jalandhar... m getting married soon nd really depressed sometimes feeling to commit suiside... plz tel its effect on pregnancy...
lovedeep
07/23/2013
Article Comment cost for the hymenoplasty procedure..m a mbbs graduate n i want ur help..
SHIV
07/13/2013
Article Comment What will be the overall cost of Hymenoplasty..and what all formalities will be there to get it done as i am unmarried...what is the guarantee that it full privacy will be there..? N does it really work? Wanted to know the centres for Hymenoplasty in Lucknow
please also tell is dere any complications with the mensuration process and pregnency after dis surgery or not ???? please mail me the information.
Saima
06/12/2013
Article Comment Wanted to know hymenoplasty centres in West Delhi
Ritika Malik
06/03/2013
Article Comment Hi want to know how time will it take for this surgery
neha
05/30/2013
Article Comment what is the minimum cost of hymenoplasty....and i want full privacy and no traces of this surgery in future so thet nobody will ever know about it even in any medical examination also...and where is the nearest clinic in south delhi
samira
04/25/2013
Article Comment wat is the minimum cost for hymanoplasty nd is there any side effects at the time on pregancy.
sneha
04/08/2013
Article Comment Wanted to know the centres for Hymenoplasty in West Delhi
Ritika Malik
02/19/2013
Article Comment What will be the overall cost of Hymenoplasty..and what all formalities will be there to get it done as i am unmarried...what is the guarantee that it full privacy will be there..?
Pls let me know the centre of hymenoplasty in delhi. please mail me the information

and What is the minimum cost of this surgery?
priti
02/16/2013
Article Comment Kindly let me know the total cost of hymenollasty....i m unmarrued girl
And i will be getting married in the month of June. And one thing more where is yhe centre of hymenoplasty in delhi.please do the needful.
reema
02/12/2013
Article Comment Kindly let me know the complete cost of Hymenoplasty procedure.
Shruti Varma
01/02/2013
Article Comment What will be the overall cost of hymenoplasty ?
Is there any side effects of this surgery as I m unmarried.
and please also tell is dere any complications with the mensuration process and pregnency after dis surgery or not ???? please mail me the information.
Deep Sandhu
12/19/2012
Article Comment What will be the overall cost of hymenoplasty ?
Is there any side effects of this surgery as I m unmarried
richa saxena
12/13/2012
Article Comment What will be the overall cost of Hymenoplasty..and what all formalities will be there to get it done as i am unmarried...what is the guarantee that it full privacy will be there..?

and What is the minimum cost of this surgery??
Angel
12/08/2012
Article Comment hello..
nice article..i am 40 years old and i am desirable to go through this surgery.i want to know the minimum cost of this surgery.please mail me the information.
thank you
charu bajaj
11/02/2012
Article Comment What is the minimum cost of this surgery??
N does it really work??
Neetu Singh
10/02/2012
Article Comment What will be the overall cost of Hymenoplasty..and what all formalities will be there to get it done as i am unmarried...what is the guarantee that it full privacy will be there..?
Priya Saxena
09/11/2012
Article Comment Hi kindly let me know the charged of hymanoplasty surgery
PratimaJoshi
08/18/2012
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