Causes of Low Sperm Count:

An Ayurvedic View

Low sperm count, reduced sperm motility and malformed sperms are main causes for male infertility. There are various biological and environmental factors which affect sperm count, motility and morphology. Many of these factors have been mentioned in Ayurvedic texts. The causes of low sperm count are briefly explained below.


Innumerable researches have been conducted to determine the effect of ageing process on male fertility. A decrease in male fertility has been noted as age progresses. Maintenance of good health by following healthy lifestyle and diet retards ageing process. The rate of fertilization starts falling down for men who are above 40. 

Hence Vajikarana Therapy is recommended in Ayurveda for men who are above 20 and below 70 to maintain optimum sexual activity and number of healthy sperms. Vajikarana Therapy recommends herbal preparations which are aphrodisiac. Vajikarana therapy increases sperm count, sperm motility and quantity of semen. This therapy is helpful in
erectile dysfunction

Overheating of Testicles

Overheating of testicles due to high fever, hot water bath, saunas, tight pants or under garments can cause low sperm count. The Testes (two egg-shaped structures) remain in the Scrotum, outside the body, where the temperature is about 3 degrees C, cooler than the body internal temperature (27 degrees C. Sperm development in the Testes Requires the Lower Temperature.). Hence any factor which increases the temperature of testicles causes low sperm count.

According to Sushrutacharya Testicles are made of Kapha and Medha (fat). Increased heat imbalances kapha and medha , thus affecting sperm production. 


  • Cocaine and Marijuana reduce sperm motility and sperm count by as much as 50%.
  • Smoking reduces sperm count, sperm motility and also causes genetic changes. Smoking causes low sex drive, erectile dysfunction or impotence.
  • Alcohol can damage sperms. Hence alcohol intake should be reduced to increase fertility.

Diet and Life Styles

  • Stress at work place or in family, strained relation ship, lubricants or spermicides used in condoms and physical stress can temporarily cause low sperm count.
  • Malnutrition and nutrient deficiencies cause low sperm count. Deficiency of Vitamin C, Zinc, selenium etc can reduce sperm count.
  • Bicycling can cause low sperm count, as testicles and scrotum may get injured during riding.
  • Some studies have revealed that obesity may be a cause for low sperm count.

Genetic Factors

  • Malformed organs or tissues in male reproductive system.
  • Obstruction of semen carrying tubes.
  • Persons with 1 extra X chromosome (Normal chromosome in man is 1 X and 1 Y chromosome)

Environmental Factors

  • Overexposure to toxins, chemicals and infections. Pesticides, hydrocarbons and mumps in adult hood can cause low sperm count.
  • Chronic exposure to heavy metals like lead, arsenic or cadmium can cause low sperm count.
  • Radiations and X-rays affect sperm producing cells.


Vericose vein in the cord of the testicle can cause low sperm count. 

Acharya Charaka in his Ayurvedic text, mentions the following factors as causes for low quality of semen.

Jaraayaa Chintaaya shukram vyadhibhihi karmakarshanaat |
Kshayam gacchatyanashanaat sthreenaam chaatinishevanaath ||

  • Old Age
  • Worry
  • Diseases
  •  Exertion
  •  Fasting
  •  Over indulgence in sexual act
  •  Grief
  •  Strained relationship.  

Dr. Savitha Suri has been an Ayurvedic Practitioner since 1989. After getting a graduation degree in Ayurveda (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) in 1988 from University of Mysore, India, she started practicing Ayurveda . Her articles about Ayurveda have been published in news papers, health magazines and websites. Dr.Savitha Suri lives in Mysore, Karnataka, India. She gives consultations in Mysore and also in Bangalore, the silicon valley of India. By arrangement with http://www.ayurhelp.com

Information provided in this article is for the sole purpose of imparting education on Ayurveda and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. If you have a medical condition, please consult your physician.   


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Views: 3450      Comments: 23

Comment i am 40 years and taking aripiprazole, I want to know wheither this will effect me having children. I have been with partner for a year and try for a baby.

14-Mar-2014 09:19 AM

Comment Dr sir
My age 27 i have no baby becous i low sperm coumt
Pls help me any treatment in ayurvedic sir
My sperm count is 8.6 in (2/10/13) and my last riport
My sperm count is 5.5 in (28/2/14)
Sir pls help my how can increas sperm count

01-Mar-2014 07:29 AM

Comment Madam i could not satisfiy my partner in my bed .i cant able to have a long time bed what is the reason for it give a better solution & help me.

28-Jan-2014 02:18 AM

Comment Sir/madam,
I have been suffering from grade 1 varicocele in my left testicle. From 1 month onwards I am having pain in right testicle also but the bulge of nerve in right testicle is less than that of right testicle. Is there any treatment without surgery. In ayurvedic or homoeopathy.

26-Jan-2014 13:38 PM

Comment hi
i am 32 yrs old man and got married 1yr back. my sperms volume was better in early ages.i had an habit of masterbating daily but now i ejaculate only 2-3 drops of sperm.with this i have no confidence in making my wife pregnant.pls help what am i to do......

20-Nov-2013 07:22 AM

Comment suffering from azoospermia . pls help.

Abishek S.R.
12-Nov-2013 09:25 AM

Comment sir,i m a student ,due to regular hasthmathun i lost my sperm, now my sperm is like water &in less amount.plese give how to recover it again.

10-Nov-2013 01:31 AM

Comment dr ji my age 39
iam married i have one baby 6 year
and then after
my sperm count is nil
my last semen analysis report is
no spermatozoa detected
testosterone result 257.03 please tell me what is treatment and my wait is 100 kg

04-Nov-2013 13:11 PM

Comment Please email me all the details to drsavithasuri@gmail.com

Dr.Savitha Suri

28-Aug-2013 00:14 AM

Comment sir iam 30 year old and iam palling for the baby. but .my sperm is not seen. when i consult my doctor he said that you are causes testemonea .perblem releate (testicles ) please give me the suggesetion .

rupesh sonwane
27-Aug-2013 10:39 AM

Comment volume : 1.5 ml
Viscosity: Normal
Colour: Grayish white
Reaction: Alkaline
Active: 25 %
Sluggish: 05%
Dead: 75%
Morphology: Normal Sperm
Total Count: 10 million/ml

Please advise me ,how can improve sperm count& motility

21-Aug-2013 04:01 AM

Comment low sperm count and lesser mobility want consultancy

15-Aug-2013 10:28 AM

Comment Please advise me ,how can improve sperm count& motility .

rajesh bariba
08-Jul-2013 00:08 AM

Comment Sir . . . I did my semen analysis. . . In this my count is 12 m/ml .active motile is 70%. Sluggishly motile is 35%. . . Other things in report are normal . . . I m not taking any medicine. . . Now I m trying for a child but still my wife not get pregnacy. . . Plz suggest any kind of information helpful for me . . . .

Thank u

09-Jun-2013 14:47 PM

Comment My age is 28 yr,i ve been diagnosed varicocele due to my semens analysis count is zero no dead and no alive,can u give me some advise for treat without surgery.thank u

Sd verma
15-May-2013 02:44 AM

Comment seman count low -30 millin

Raj kumar yadav
08-May-2013 05:10 AM

Comment Hi

We have provided a free consultation facility at http://www.ayurhelp.com/ayurveda_consult.htm . You can fill the details through this. Our expert doctors will rely your queries. You can also mail us at drsavithasuri@gmail.com

03-May-2013 22:17 PM

Comment Dear sir/mam , pls suggest how can i take treatment with u.my sperm count is 4.1 millian active 31 %. Non active are 51% , pus cell is nil.

29-Apr-2013 23:16 PM

Comment sir, my sperm count is 1 % pl. give me solution how to impreve sperm count and it mortaliya

07-Dec-2012 03:50 AM

Comment Sir

my semen analysis report is given below ( age 30 )

volume : 1.5 ml
Viscosity: Normal
Colour: Grayish white
Reaction: Alkaline
Active: 15 %
Sluggish: 05%
Dead: 80%
Morphology: Normal Sperm
Total Count: 08 million/ml
Pus cells : 0-2/HPF

Please advise me ,how can improve sperm count& motility .

15-Aug-2012 08:33 AM

Comment DEAR SIR,
I had been diagonised with GRADE A varicocele in my left testicle a year back.I had SPEMEN from himalaya for 1 month and i want to cure this VARICOCELE as i am 26 years old and married.Kindly Tell me the cure for this without any surgery.
Thanking you


05-Jul-2012 14:14 PM

Comment Treatement for zero sperm counts.

25-Jun-2012 08:08 AM

Comment My age is 27 and am situated at Bangalore. I have been diagnosed with varicocele and am under alopathic medication fo 3 weeks. I have been told that if the sperm motility is not improving then I have to go for sugery. Can you please advise if there is any ayurvedic treatment for the same.

10-Sep-2011 10:50 AM