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Misuse of Antibiotics
|by Dr. Frank S. K. Barar|
Misuse of antibiotics in man can lead to serious problems as the microbes develop resistance, i.e., they become non-responsive to their subsequent use. The World Health Organization (WHO) theme to counter microbial resistance to antibiotics (April 2011) warrants serious attention of the regulatory authorities, namely the Drug Control Authority, and the Medical Council of India (MCI) which is responsible for educating the young doctor.
Various mechanism(s) like mutation, adaptation, and dependence are responsible for the development of acquired resistance. The major factor is unnecessary exposure of microbes to antimicrobial drugs, and use of antibiotics for treating trivial infections must be avoided. Ideally antimicrobial therapy must be based on - proper identification of the microbe, sensitivity tests (if available), and proper selection of the drug or drug combination. Development of multidrug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis, typhoid, and staphylococcal infection(s) have already become a problem.
Steps to avoid and tackle thus situation are:
An honest effort in these direction(s) only can counter this fast growing menace.
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