Sri Ujjaini Mahakali Amman in South


Nestled amidst the hills, forests and verdant landscape in a village called ‘Kalakad’, Sri Ujjaini Mahakali Amman is a powerful shrine that can rejuvenate your life in unexpected ways. The temple has been formally named as Ujjaini Mahakali Amman a few years ago.

Kalakad is a village that is located close to Tirunelveli district near Kanyakumari. It is located at a distance of 1 hour road travel from Tirunelveli district. The distance between Kalakad and Tirunelveli may be roughly 50 kms.

Let us read certain simple facts about Pudhamman and try to make the best use of the time available at our disposal to pay our respects to her as loyal devotees. 

How to reach Kalakad

One has to travel to Kalakad via Tirunelveli. The neighboring villages are all hamlets. Notable among them is ‘pathamadai’. One can travel from Madurai, Bangalore, Chennai or Coimbatore or Salem to Tirunelveli and then travel by road to Kalakad.

Kalakad is God’s own cute little hamlet. None can deny that breathtaking beauty of Kalakad. The distance between Kalakad and Thiruvananthapuram (in Kerala) is around 2 hours by road travel. The dense forests on the outskirts of the village boast of tigers and elephants.

Kalakad doesn’t have a railway station and one has to be at the mercy of call taxi operators. But all the shortcomings of Kalakad are made good by its enchanting beauty and nature’s bounty.  There are two bus stands – old and new, but if you are on a short trip, buses will not be comfortable. Buses generally wait for passengers and if you are the only one in the bus, do not expect the bus to start immediately. Bus travel is fine if you just want to relax. But if you are running against time, it is better to hire a cab. There are no good hotels also. If you have a relative in Kalakad, consider yourself blessed.

Unique distinction

Kalakad has the unique distinction of being a hamlet that promotes the values of communal harmony. Muslims, Hindus and Christians form the main population of Kalakad. The hamlet hasn’t changed much in the last 24 years. Vegetables are procured from outside. Excepting for the refurbishing of the temple, no other major development works have been undertaken. The roads are okay, but the river has dried up and the sand has become a victim of insatiable plunder by the avaricious builder lobby in Tamil Nadu. 

Location: Pudhamman Temple

It is located in the vicinity of the famous Satyavageeswara-Gomathi Ambal temple. The shrine of Pudhamman is somewhat off-limits, true to locations where temples of goddesses are normally located. The positive vibrations in the temple have to be experienced to be believed. A narrow stream flows on the rear side of the Pudhamman temple though water has got mixed with sewage line.

Satyavageeswara is another name of Lord Shiva. It is strongly believed that Kalakad is the place where Lord Ram came in search of Sita and during that time, he accidentally discovered a shivaling. The shivaling was so potent that it gave indications to Lord Ram about the direction of Lanka where Sita was held hostage. As Lord Shiva gave true advice to a beleaguered Lord Ram, he is called satyavageeswara (satya – true, vaak(g)u – guidance/ advice).

The temple

The temple is located amidst sylvan surroundings where there are farms and farms. There is a pump near the gate. We can wash our hands and feet. There are no toilet facilities. It can be blasphemy to defecate in and around the temple, so please do not dare. There are no fixed timings for the temple as the temple is opened as per the convenience of the priest. No point blaming him. Priests have realized that they can’t afford to be callow in money matters any longer. Such wisdom certainly needs appreciation, isn’t it?

Myths surrounding the temple

As we walk along the pastoral surroundings, my uncle Sanka (nick name for Sankara Subramaniam) tells me that this temple was constructed after the Shiva temple was established. As the Goddess was puthu (meaning ‘new’ in Tamil), the Goddess was fondly called as “pudamman” (the new “mother”). However, the temple priest, who is in Kalakad since the last 8 to 9 years, informs that this temple could have been built prior to building the Satyavageeswara- Gomathi Ambal temple. The King ‘Veera marthanda maharaj’ is believed to have constructed this temple – but again this is a matter of conjecture.

Mother Goddess Pudamman is believed to be seated in the center of a Lotus pond in “Sree nagar” and she is guarded by 64 bhairavas and his wives and 64 yoga-kannikas who are at her service. This is the meaning of “Sree Chakra”. For gaining access to Mother, you need to first gain access to the bhairavas and yoga-kannikas. Priest shares this information with us when we gently prod him about the history of the temple and the meaning of “Sree Chakra”.

Offerings (Naivedyam) to Goddess Pudamman

Tamarind Rice, sweet Pongal, freshly made panchamrut

A hundred years ago...

It is also widely believed that Pudhamman was fierce (ugra) several years ago and she had to be calmed by propitiating her by a celebrated festival in Tamil Nadu villages called “Kodai”. It is said that Pudhamman calmed down after several years of appeal by the people of Kalakad. Sadly after a few years people forgot Pudhamman. The graduates from Kalakad began to leave the hamlet one by one seeking livelihood in cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi, Chennai, and Kolkata. They returned to the village once in a year as part of a ritual to provide their offerings to family deity. Some completely forgot about her existence.

Interestingly,  during those days, womenfolk did not venture anywhere close to the temple in the late evening hours as it was widely believed that mother had the habit of taking a stroll during those hours. There was nothing to fear. Women chose to stay away out of respect. Even the men folk did not venture out. But it may also be possible that as the temple is located in a place that is off the village limits, womenfolk could have been advised against visiting at odd hours mainly for security reasons.

Even now, womenfolk prefer to visit the temple only in the morning hours.

Current state of affairs ...

The present state of affairs is a sad commentary on how inconsistent management of a temple asset can prove to be detrimental in the long run. One’s heart really cries for Mother and pleads for her forgiveness. We are confident that Mother being Mother will forgive our sins and lead us to the correct path. She will rush to our rescue when we need her. All that we need to do is to seek her grace. The temple priest laments the fact that there are not many footfalls in the temple and so he is forced to work at other places or visit other temples. Young, committed, dynamic, erudite and reasonably smart and well attired, the priest’s personality is a clear sign of changing times. 

The priest (in his mid-thirties)comes to the temple in his bike – a far cry from the days of yore during which priests trudged on muddy roads using a bi cycle or simply chose to walk. Sounding pragmatic and forthright in his approach, the temple priest says, “I come here to do seva for Mother, as I am attached to her emotionally. There is no livelihood/ fixed income for me from this temple. I have two school going children and in the absence of regular income, it can be tough”. Point well taken Sir. 


During navratri, mother is decked in saris of different colors. The abhisekams are performed by the priest using tender coconut water, milk, curd, honey, rose water, water. One can offer a sari to mother anytime but please note the following colors that are to be offered depending on the day:

Sundays – Orange color (Fanta)
Monday – White silkish
Tuesday – Red
Wednesday – Green
Thursday – Yellow
Friday – White Silkish
Saturday – Black/ Blue

Offerings to Mother Pudamman

Flowers, Incense Sticks, ghee lamps, green bangles, banana, turmeric and vermilion, betel leaf and areca nut, mehandi powder, yellow colored mangal sutra (called manja kayiru in Tamil).

Important instructions

  1. Please visit the temple with100% faith and 0% expectations. Your wishes shall get fulfilled. Do not have an iota of doubt regarding the same. While your prayers have to be direct, do remember that the outcome of your efforts may be more of collateral.
  2. Do not cringe while spending money for mother. An annual outlay for such rituals is not an expense, it is an investment. The amount involved is far less than that if you visit a multiplex theatre or take a family of 6 for dinner.
  3. Maintain proper hygiene at all times. Womenfolk have to take extra precautions.
  4. While buying a sari for Pudhamman, always buy a metre of blouse piece too. What is true for the women folk in your house is as truer for mother.

The Final Word

After the abhisekams, as Pudhamman is bathed and attired in a sari, one keeps praying with eyes closed. She is bedecked with flowers, turmeric and vermilion and as sandalwood paste is applied on her face, you can actually see that mother is smiling at you benignly. The disarming smile can bring tears in your eyes as your heart weeps for the fact that you haven’t visited her in the last so many years.

As another priest in Kalakad says, “There is no need to spend lavishly for God. Even Rs.11 is more than enough. You can accumulate a fixed amount say Rs.11 every month and once this fund becomes sizeable, you can donate it for temple festivals. What matters is immense faith and devotion. There is no need to bribe mother. Further, rather than putting the money in a hundi, why not give it to the man who is serving the Goddess. At the end of the day, the priest is acting as a catalyst, as a via-media for us to offer our services to Goddess. So, rewarding the priest is a sure fire way of winning the Lord’s grace”. One has to agree with the frank opinion expressed by this priest. One is never sure how cash offerings to God are deployed by trusts of little known temples.

These problems don’t take away the fact that, within Tamil Nadu, in a place called Kalakad, one can have a darshan of Goddess Sri Ujjaini Mahakali (Pudhamman). Those with insolvable problems have visited this holy shrine to redeem themselves. Their problems have vanished like ice melting in the Sun. Their wishes have been fulfilled and they return to the temple year after year to offer their thanks. Why don’t you follow their path, join the tribe and benefit from the grace of Pudhamman? 


More by :  Kalakad Ganapathy

Top | Places

Views: 4013      Comments: 8

Comment Can anyone share the location please.

24-Mar-2024 01:49 AM

Comment Very good writeup by kalakkadu Ganapathy.A number of Uchchimakali or. Ujjaini makali temples available inthe south tamilnadu,if we go thro a search in the net especially in kanyakumari and old Tirunelveli Districts.In other places,it is very rarely seen. In வில்லிசை programmes (available in the net)the,word Uchchi refers to the Avatar of Kali. Ujjaini is the place where a famous temple is built (MadhyaPradesh)

18-Jan-2021 07:00 AM

Comment I am interested in the origin history of the Ujaini Amman temple Can any one enlighten please?

krishnaraj n
19-Apr-2014 04:00 AM

Comment Also our ancestors are from Padmaneri

Archana Iyer
05-Sep-2013 07:21 AM

Comment Hello Sir,

My name is Archana and my father Mr V Krishnamony is a native of Puliyoorkurichi in Kanyakumari District. For years we were unaware of our family deity and its only recently (couple of years ago) that we found out that Ujjaini Mahakali Amman is our family goddess. Since then every year our family members make it a point to visit the temple.

We are based out of Mumbai and our extended family is scattered across Tamil Nadu.

I am yet to visit the temple. My family says that its only after that we discovered amman as our family deity was my marriage solemnized.

I look forward to visit Amman and my husband's family deity Singikulam Sivan Parvathi temple. Thanks for all the information.

Archana Iyer
05-Sep-2013 07:16 AM

Comment Recently we visited kalakad but unfortunately missed the temple stated by you. Sathyavageeswarar temple was too good and the mantras chanted were simply superb. Next time i shall visit this temple with gods blessings

ramans ravi
23-Nov-2012 11:56 AM

Comment Dear sri Kalallad Ganapathy

This is a very good article. I found your blog while looking for a Ucchini Makaliyamman Kovil in a place called Solaikkavandanpatti. I realized that your article is not about the same Devi. I can how Ujjaini Mahak?li Amman can become Uccini M?k?li Amman. I would be happy if you know and can tell something about the Amman in Solaikkavandanpatti (may be this place is also known sholaigavundanpatti.

Many thanks.

Mrs Nalini Persad
02-Aug-2012 08:32 AM

Comment Good write up.....

22-Feb-2012 05:51 AM

Name *

Email ID

Comment *
Verification Code*

Can't read? Reload

Please fill the above code for verification.