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Efficacy of Shadbindu Tail
as a Pratimarshanasya in Allergic Rhinitis
|by Dr. Vijay Karbhal|
Allergic rhinitis must be regarded as a serious condition because it can impact negatively on the quality of life of sufferers not only by producing severe symptoms but also by producing complication. Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal airway. It accurse when an allergens such as pollen, dust or animal dander (particle of shed skin of hair) is inhaled by an individual with sensitive immune system. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is a specific allergic reaction to nasal mucosa principally to pollens, usually occurs in spring early, summer and with the change of season. Perennial allergic rhinitis due to sensitivity and contact with allergens which are present in the environment throughout the year. It is usually caused by home or workplace airborne pollutants. Allergens triggers production and antibody immunoglobin E (IgE) which binds the mast cells and basophil containing histamine. Shadbindu tail is the combination of various drugs which are help to reduce such type of pathology. The drugs present in shadbindu tail are ushana-teekshana gunaatmak and helps to reduce the excessive production of mucus and in decreasing the symptoms. Open randamized study was done at Ayurved Mahavidyalaya Sion Mumbai-22. 30 patients included in the study for duration of 30 day. Assement done on the basis of symptoms like Rhinorrhoea, Nasal congestion, Itching, Nasal obstruction.
Rhinitis means inflammation of mucous membrane inside the nose caused by virus, bacteria, irritants or allergens. Inflammation results in the generation of large amount of mucous.
Allergic rhinitis is an allergic inflammation of the nasal airways. It occurs when an allergen, such as pollen, dust or animal dander (particles of shed skin and hair) is inhaled by an individual with a sensitized immune system. The allergen triggers the production of the antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE), which binds to mast cells and basophils containing histamine. This usually causes sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, swelling and inflammation of the nasal passages and an increase in mucus production. Heredity and environmental exposures may contribute to a predisposition to allergies.
Nasya is a kind of Panchakarmas mentioned in Ayurveda. It is a process wherein the drug is administered through the nostrils. Since nose is the gateway of the head, the therapy is highly effective in curing a number of diseases pertaining to the head. The therapy cleanses and opens the channels of the head, thereby improving the process of oxygenation (prana), which has a direct influence on the functioning of brain.
1) Pradhamana (virechan) Nasya (cleansing nasya): In this type of Nasya karma, dry powders (rather than oils) are blown into the nose with the help of a tube
2) Bruhana Nasya (nutrition nasya): This treatment uses ghee, oils and medicated milk to cure vata disorders.
3) Shaman Nasya (Sedative Nasya): It is type in which pitta-type of disorders are treated.
4) Navana Nasya (Decoction Nasya): This type of therapy is used in vata-pitta or kapha-pitta disorders.
5) Marshya Nasya (Ghee Or Oil Nasya): The therapy is administered for a particular reason, which may not be disease, but a condition of uneasiness arising from a particular disease.
6) Pratimarshy Nasya (Daily Oil Nasya): This type of therapy is administered by dipping the clean little finger in ghee or oil and inserting into each nostril.
Design of study: Open random type.
Place of study: Ayurved college & Hospital Sion, Mumbai- 22
Result: Symptomatic relief obtained is as follows:
Acharya Govind das has mentioned shadbindutail in kushattarog chikitsa (54). Main action of this kalpa is Kaphashoshana, Vatashamak, Shirovirechaka & Srotoshodhana. As Shadabindu tail is for upper respiratory tract infection but is very effective in allergic rhinitis to decrease excessive mucus (kapha) production, decreases dryness (Vatashamana & Snigdhatva).
Tikta –Katu rasa Increases kaphadhatvagni;Ushan –Tikshanaguna Decreases excessive kapha production;Madhur vipak Balya to nasal mucosa;
|More by : Dr. Vijay Karbhal|
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