Bhavana Samskar by Kirti Tripathi SignUp
Boloji.com

Channels

In Focus

 
Analysis
Cartoons
Education
Environment
Opinion
Photo Essays
 
 

Columns

 
A Bystander's Diary
Business
Random Thoughts
 
 

Our Heritage

 
Architecture
Astrology
Ayurveda
Buddhism
Cinema
Culture
Festivals
Hinduism
History
People
Places
Sikhism
Spirituality
 
 

Society & Lifestyle

 
Health
Parenting
Perspective
Recipes
Society
Teens
Women
 
 

Creative Writings

 
Book Reviews
Computing
Ghalib's Corner
Humor
Individuality
Literary Shelf
Love Letters
Memoirs
Quotes
Stories
Travelogues
Workshop
 
 
Ayurveda Share This Page
Bhavana Samskar
by Dr.Kirti Tripathi Bookmark and Share

Introduction to Samskara

Ayurveda has accepted gunas as principle karanas, among them paradi gunas are important karana for successful chikitsa. Samskara among them plays a pivotal role in alteration of gunas in drugs so as to suit the condition of patient and disease.

Sanskaro hi Gunantaradhanam uchyate! — Cha.Su.1

The changes in a drug because of samskara can be perceived at pharmacognostical as well as phytochemical levels. Ayurveda accepts guna (properties) as principle karana (causitive factor). Paradi gunas are a class of guna which are regarded as keys to successful treatment by Charaka.

Dravyam Gunen Karamam Kurute! — Cha.Su.

In paradi gunas samskara (refinement) and samyoga (combination) play very important role in pharmaceutics. Kalpanas (formulations) of medicinal drugs so as to suit the desired condition of patient and disease can be produced as and when required on the basis of various samyoga and samskaras.

Samskara guna among these has a unique role to play in various pharmaceutical preparations. Samskara has been defined as guna antaradhana which means placing or adding newer gunas in a drug. Samskara guna is of three types vega (velocity), bhavana (trituration) and sthitisthapakatva (capacity of a drug to maintain its original form).

Bhavana Samskar

Yat churnitasya dhatvadehe dravaihi sampeshya shoshnam!
Bhavnam tanmatam vigairbhavana cha nigadyate!!  — RasTarangini 2/49


Bhavana is probably the most extensively used samskara in pharmaceutical preparations. Bhavana is mixing of drava (liquid) with a dravya (solid) in order to impart its gunas in it.

Charaka in context of describing principles of pharmaceutics advocates for bhavana samskara where Bhavana of drugs by swarasa of same drug or drugs with similar properties is anticipated by Charaka and its uses are explained as quicker, augmented and persistent action with minimal dose. In this article an attempt has been made to evaluate the differences in gunas by bhavana samskara.

Bhavana is a wet trituration process.Advantages of this process as follws:

  • Materials are mixed uniformly.
  • Materials are divided into fine substance.
  • Surface area of material exposed and expended which facilitates during Marana.
  • Develops softness, smoothness and stickiness in the material facilitates better binding of the material.
  • Enhances the therapeutic property of metals and minerals.

Bhavana samskara plays an important role in altering guna, karmas of a drug which are also seen at macroscopic as well as microscopic level. Changes due to samskara guna can be elicited on the basis of analytical parameters as well as pharmacognostical level however correlation between these changes and clinical efficacy need to be assessed independently.

Share This:
04-Mar-2014
More by :  Dr. Kirti Tripathi
 
Views: 618      Comments: 0




Name *
Email ID
 (will not be published)
Comment
Characters
Verification Code*
Can't read? Reload
Please fill the above code for verification.
 
Top | Ayurveda



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2018 All Rights Reserved
 
No part of this Internet site may be reproduced without prior written permission of the copyright holder
.