Importance of Ritucharya

1. Introduction|

There are six ritus/seasons in Ayurveda, in Indian subcontinent.

Ritu (Season) Maasa (Month) Characteristics of the Season
(Northeren Solastice)
Sisira Magha and Phalguna (mid January to mid march) Cold and dewy
Vasanta Chaitra andVaisakha (mid March to mid May) Spring
Greesma Jyeshthaa and Aashaadha (mid May to mid July) Summer
(Southern Solastice)
Varsha Shravana and Bhadrapada (mid July to mid September) Rainy
Sharat Aashvina and Kartika (mid September to mid November) Autumn
Hemant Margshirsha and Pausha (mid November to mid January) Winter

2. Base of the principle

This principle is based on the:

  • acceptance of dependence on the natural laws, strength of natural laws
  • understanding the power of timely prevention, preparation, and  planning
  • understanding the power of timely striving for the best achievable positive health
  • understanding the power (for some it’s not visible, though everyone experiences it - so ‘lurking power’) of seasonal changes
  • the knowledge of ‘Adaptation and Acclimatization’
  • Better social health/harmony etc.

3. Objective

  • To strive for Maximum achievable positive health
  • To strive for Maximum achievable physical/mental strength, vigor, vitality
  • Lead a happy and healthy life in proper adaptation with the nature/environment
  • To prevent seasonally affecting infections, diseases (in which month the heart attackincreases, suicide, diarrhea, malaria… etc.)

(see- in which month pests/flies etc increase, and thus diseases through them) i.e. to prevent diseases/problems before they arise, promote good healthà thus reduce the burden on thehealth system of the countryà produce the productive and healthy manpower create the healthy and happy families and society.

4. Procedures

  • (Diet/aahar, Sleep/Rest/Nindra, (A)Brahmacharya/regulated work and sensual gratification etc.)
  • Dharma (duty), Artha (Economy), Kama (Sensual gratification), Mokshya (Salvation)
  • Proper Work, Rest, Food, Sex, Enjoyment, Duty
  • Yoga, Meditation, Massage, etc
  • Environmental protection
  • Conservation of nature Etc.

5. Importance of Good routine

  • Proper functioning of circadian rhythm, proper routine of physical routine of timely food, good digestion
  • Proper functioning of endocrine functions
  • Increased efficacy
  • Utilization of time properly
  • Prevention of harms by giving no place to harmful ideas, food, work, leisure etc.
  • No chance of falling into bad habits e.g. drug abuse/smoking
  •  Increased productivity
  • Balance of proper work and rest/relaxation, sleep (no chance of sleep disorder)
  • Proper functioning of brain/neurological function
  • Prevention of nutritional disturbances (e.g taking seasonal foods)
  • Prevention of lifestyle diseases (yoga), infectious diseases (washing hands), psychological problems (planned, conscious and happy living), relationship problems (developing understanding through effective sharing, and responsible living)
  • Attainment of Best achievable positive health

6. Harms of Bad Routine

  • Improper routines/habits give rise to physical problems of pain, constipation, obesity, bad habits, impaired sleep
  • Indigestion, cold , cough
  • APD (e.g. gastritis)
  • Stress, Anxiety, Insomnia
  • Relationship problem
  • HTN
  • Obesity DM
  • Infectious and Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Seasonal diseases- viral fevers, flu, vector borne diseases (malaria, kalazar),  snake bites,
  • Weak psychology
  • Improper sleep disturbs health, impairs growth, retards mental power, degeneration, (vaata vyadhi, gout/hyperuricemia) etc

7. Harms of Bad habits

  • Bad postures – spinal problems
  •  Neurological and psychological problems
  • Others ….

8. Other associated benefits

  • Importance of seasonal fruits: No preservatives, Preservation in natural way, harmless way (no dosha/toxins accumulate in the body if lived accordingly/consciously – keeping in the mind that there are seasonal changes)


More by :  Dr. Abhijeet Patil

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