Mar 22, 2023
Mar 22, 2023
Acharya charaka has included Atisthool in eight varieties of impediments, which are designated as ‘Ashta Nindita Purusha’. Obesity is common lifestyle disorder in this era. Obesity specifically refers to an excessive amount of a body fat. Obesity is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass. In Ayurvedic classics the disease is described with due importance to its pathological implications at tissue metabolism (Dhatuparinama) and digestive process (Agnivyapara). So that obesity is a health problem, of affluence worldwide prevalence and it is considered as the insidious creeping pandemic which is now engulfing the entire world. Because change in lifestyle, food and economic status create many lifestyle disease like obesity, DM, Idiopathic Heart Disease, Hypertension, Depression etc. Pranayama techniques increase the lung capacity and help burning fats. Regular practice of Pranayama like Viparita Karni, Kunjal and Shankha Prakashaiana, Kati Chakrasana, Halasan, Matsyasan and Ushtrasana and surya namaskar. brings balance in the system in terms of Physical and Mental functions.
Key words – Sthoulya, Obesity, Dietary Habits, Lifestyle, Pranayam.
Sthualya is described as excessive and abnormal increase of meda dhatu along with mamsa dhatu resulting in pendulous appearance of buttocks, belly and breasts, however increased bulk is not matched by corresponding increase in energy. The present epidemic of overweight and obesity in the whole world is an unintended consequence of the economical social and technological advances realized during the past several decades. The obesity as described as ‘Medoroga’ is Ayurvedic and said that comparatively it is easy to help an underweight person rather that overweight. The obesity can either be due to an actual increase in fat component (Medo dhatu) or due to malfunctioning of fat metabolism. Body is made of seven dhatus i.e. rasa, rakta, mamsa, meda, asthi, majja, shukra but obese are nourished excessively by meda dhatu and other remaining dhatus get malnourished, kapha gets accumulated in between ,when kapha increased in abnormal fashion, fat metabolism is hampered and person becomes obese. Obesity is the condition in which the natural energy reserve stored in the fatty tissue of the body is increased to a point where it is associated with certain health condition or increased mortality. Obesity is an increased fat contained in the body and now major health problem in India. Obesity has reached epidemic proportion in India in the 21st century affecting 5% of the country population. India is following a trend of other developing countries that are steadily becoming more obese. Recent survey shows 60% middle age working class Indian in Mumbai where overweight and 30% children in Delhi elite schools were in the same category.
Causes of Sthaulya Roga –
Pathogenesis of Sthaulya – Sthoulya is a dushya predominant disorder in pathogenesis of sthoulya, all the three doshas are vitiated especially Kledakapha, Pachaka pitta, Samana & Vyanavayu. In physiological conditions jathragni nourishes subsequent Dhatwaagni & Bhutagni. Sthualya result from derangement of Dhatwagni. According to Sushrut, it is Rasanittajavyadhi. Due to intake of kapha predominant aahara. Diwaswapna and avyama vitiated Rasadhatu circulates whole body, produces medas and causes Sthoulya.
Prevention of Obesity
Ayurvedic Management of Obesity
C. Natural Herbal Treatment.
A. Pranayam – Bhastrika Pranayam
C. Natural Herbal Treatment
According to charaka, sthula purusha have kapha dominant prakirti. Charaka also mentioned the role of nidra in sthaulya. Obese patients are always fond of eating & have satmya to all type of rasa. Madhura, guru, singdha & sheeta properties aggravate kapha as well as meda on the basis of sarvada sarva bhavanam samanyam vriddhi karanam Kapha & Meda are main dosha and Dushya respectively in samprapti of sthaulya. Adhyashana & virudhashana can produce Aam dosha and Agnimandya, root cause of sthaulya.Godhuma, shali, sarpi, dadhi, cold drinks and junk foods have similar properties attributes to meda on the basis of sarvada sarva bhavanam samanyam vriddhi karanam principles.
According to western system of medicine the diet containing sweet, heavy, unctuous, cold properties have always high calorie value and excessive indulgences of high calorie diet is well established etiological factor of obesity, because extra calorie will be converted into fat and stored in the cells (fat cells), later increase in the number and size of fat cell.
The obesity danger disease under 10 in the world. The sedentary life style, lack of physical exercise, faulty dietary habits (excessive intake of sweet, heavy, unctuous and cold food items) and urbanization precipitate the disease sthaulya. Kapha prakriti persons are more prone to obesity so they should be advised proper diet regimens and exercise. Pranayama techniques increase the lung capacity and help burning fats. Regular practice of Pranayama brings balance in the system in terms of Physical and Mental functions.
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(2) SusrutaSamhita, By Kaviraj Ambika Dutta Shastri, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, 2009.
(3) CharakSamhita, By DrBrahmaNandTripathi, Chaukhambha Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi, 2004.
(4). Sachrita Yoga & Ayurveda, Dr Shivacharan Dhyani, Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi, Reprinted 1996.
(5). Sachitra Yogasan Darshika, Dr Indra Mohan Jha “Sacchhan”, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Series, Varanasi, Reprinted 2002.
More by : Dr. Rishikant Vashistha