Various Methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda

and its Importance


Diagnosis is a very vital aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. Diagnosis is to find out the root cause of a disease (Nidan). Unless the proper diagnosis is not done it is difficult to provide medicine and cure the disease. It is not always necessary that the root cause is internal. Many times the causes may be external. To give permanent relief the root cause of the disease has to be eliminated. Ayurveda thus believes not only in the treatment of the physical aspect of the disease but completely eliminating the disease. All causative factors of disease, whether internal or external, directly or indirectly create an imbalance (increase or decrease) in these doshas first and only then do the symptoms of the disease manifest.

TThe causative factors of diseases can be the food, life style or other activities. Factors affecting your health could be your diet, life style or daily activities. In Ayurveda, the diagnosis and treatment of disease is always individual to each patient. As Ayurveda treats according to the constitution of an individual, it is known as a highly accurate and personalized method of analyzing diseases. All diseases are caused by aggravation of the three doshas i.e. vata, pitta and kapha. The Nidan or the solution of the disease is done in accordance with the doshas.

Diagnosis of Doshas


There are various factors responsible for increasing vata:

  • Excessive intake of food like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, sprouts, beans, dry fruits, mushrooms and raw foods.
  • Travelling too much by any means of transportation.
  • Untimely sleeping hours or late nights
  • Too much eating of junk food, frozen food and micro waved cooked
  • Exposure to sound pollution
  • Too much exposure to television and computers or any electric gadgets
  • Indulging more in sexual activities
  • Excessive physical labor like sports
  • Taking too much medicinal, recreational and stimulating drugs.


Symptoms caused by excess of vata in the body are:

  • Joint Pains
  • Constipation
  • Dry Skin
  • Loss of Memory
  • Palpitation insomnia
  • Stiffness of muscles
  • Weight Loss
  • Migraine
  • Vertigo
  • Tremors


There are various factors responsible for increasing pitta:

  • Drinking too much tea, coffee, alcohol and excessive smoking increase pitta in the body./li>
  • Eating of hot and spicy food
  • Too intake of chillies, tomatoes, egg plant, spinach, and onions.
  • Exposure to sun and heat also increases pitta.


Some of the symptoms caused by excess of pitta in the body are:

  • Hyperacidity
  • Skin diseases
  • Burning sensation
  • Fever
  • Infections
  • Ulcers And Liver disorders


There is various factors responsible for increasing Kapha:

  • Eating too much sugars, fats, oils and fried foods, ice creams, meats, dairy products and nuts/li>
  • Sleeping during day time and less of physical activities


Some of the symptoms caused by excess of kapha in the body are

  • Asthma
  • Cough and cold
  • Congestion in the chest
  • Anorexia
  • Obesity

Ayurveda Pareeksha

Ayurveda is a very logical science based on basic scientific principles. The science of Ayurveda doesn’t only depend upon the symptoms as told by the patient rather it believes in a thorough examination to find out the root cause of the ailment in the patients body.


Ayurveda is a very logical medical science based on the basic principles of body mechanism and organ functioning. More than healing a particular disease through external means, it focuses more on eliminating the root cause of the disturbances so that the body can regain its normal strength and endurance to function properly.


Darshana in Ayurveda means complete inspection of the body. It is a way of assessing the nature of the disease through different tests and examination. It is derived from the first triad described in Trividh Pariksha for the assessment of diseases. It is actually the first method of clinical assessment.


Ayurveda is a very vast medical science. It has several prescribed to various complex ailments that do not find solution in any other modern medical sciences. According to Ayurveda the fundamental cause of diseases is imbalance of the three doshas - Vata, Pitta and kapha.

How to make diagnosis by Ayurvedic theory

1 Darshana        observation 
2 Sparshana       palpitation 
3 Prashna           question 
3 Nadi                pulse 
4 Mutram           urine 
5 Malam            stool 
6 Jihawa            tounge 
7 Shabda           voice 
8 Sparsha          touch 
9 Druka             eye 
10 Akruti           built 
11 Upasaya and anupsaya     
12 Pratyakcha
13 Anuman
14 Aptopadesh 
15 Dosha 
16 Dushya 
17 Shrotasha 
18 Samuthana 
19 Ashaya 
20 Dosh dushya samurchana 
21 Lakchana 
22 Puvarupa 


In Ayurveda, the diagnosis and treatment of disease is always based on the constitution of an individual or on an individual basis. As such, it is known as a highly accurate and personalized method of analyzing every kind of diseases. There are different stages of diagnosis of disease, in ayurveda.


More by :  Dr. Shiv Dwivedi

Top | Ayurveda

Views: 3468      Comments: 0

Name *

Email ID

Comment *
Verification Code*

Can't read? Reload

Please fill the above code for verification.