Acharya Sushrut was a genius in the history of Medical Science, born to sage Vishwamitra. He has detailed the surgical procedures in "Sushrut Samhita", a unique encyclopedia of surgery, and is considered to be the "father of plastic surgery" and "science of anaesthesia".
When surgery was in its infancy in Europe, Sushrut was performing rhinoplasty, and other challenging operations. In Sushrut Samhita he has described treatment for twelve types of fractures and six types of dislocations. Speculums and catheters used were designed on ideas taken from jaws of animals and birds. He has also described a number of stitching methods using horse hair as thread, and fibres of bark.
In Sushrut Samhita details 300 types of operations. Thus, the ancient Indians were the pioneers in amputations, caesarians and cranial surgeries.
Acharya Sushrut was a giant in the arena of medical science.