Pakistan has always experienced that the forced alliances on political parties are pre-planned under authoritarian rules of the army, and parties are not allowed passably to represent in the parliament. The alliances usually break up once the objective is not achieved and the ally’s parties automatically go back to their old rivalries and engage in battle for political power again and again. In the process Pakistan army keeps the political musical chair on to retain its power game.
History of alliances has repeated once again in Pakistan when 10 opposition parties joined hands together with each other on September 20, 2020 under the PDM (Pakistan Democratic Movement) headed by Maulana Fazlur Rehman (JUI-F) in order to derail incumbent government of PTI led by Prime Minister Imran Khan.
The fate of PDM was totally depending upon two main stream parties - Pakistan People Party ( PPP) of Bilawal Bhutto and Pakistan Muslim League(PML-N) Mia Nawaz Sharif . It was an plain truth that these two major political parties have no good repute of working politically as well as administratively collectively for the last three decades. It has been the common practice in politics that whenever one party gets into power the opposition intrigues against the incumbent Government and ruling party put more efforts to suppress the intrigue through state machinery by lodging corruption cases as well as other tools in order to demoralize the image of opposition party before the public and vice versa. The real purpose of PDM is very simple and clear that they want to pressurize Imran khan not to pursue their corruption cases. They don’t have any concerns about the people and democracy. All of the joint parties of PDM having zero interest in the public problems. They have their own vested interests. And they just want to get in power once again at any cost.
As it was ought to happen .Within six months PDM got divided when PPP and the PML-N started accusing each other of damaging the opposition’s unity with clandestine support to the establishment. PDM parted ways with the PPP and ANP( Awami National Party ) , and form a new alliance of five opposition parties included the PML-N, Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam (JUI-F), Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP), National Party (NP) and Balochistan National Party (BNP-Mengal) in the Senate where they have 27 members .
The PML-Q having the support of General Musharaff ‘s succeeded to create crack in PDM smartly . The PML-Q, has worked quietly with the PPP — allowing Bilawal to woo it for a change in Punjab
The PDM in its 26 points agenda, the key objective of the alliance was to put public pressure on the PTI government to counter the victimisation of the top opposition leadership. But PDM failed to achieve that goal. Under Mass contact programme only first five rallies in the four provinces generated good momentum out of 20 public meetings. The proposed long march scheduled for January 2021 was not sure. The long march was, however, deferred until March indicating weak planning
PDM alliance based on mistrust and misconduct was observed when the proposed resignations from the national and provincial assemblies were discussed. PDM president Maulana Fazlur Rehman, announced that resignations were being considered to disrupt the Senate election and prevent the PTI from gaining a majority there. The PML-N also agreed with him. The PPP, for whom the provincial government in Sindh was at stake, did not agree. The positions taken by the JUI-F and PML-N on resignations before the Senate election were ambiguous. However, Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani, as Leader of the Opposition in the Senate, was elected on 26th March, 2021 with the support of 30 senate members whereas PML-N’s Azam Nazir Tarrar, candidate could muster the support of 21 opposition senators while JUI-F, which has five senators, did not support any candidate
Pakistan’s political history has watched many alliances being formed with strange partners. The Combined Opposition Parties (COP) was in 1964, the Democratic Action Committee (DAC) in 1968, the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA) in 1977, the Movement for the Restoration of Democracy (MRD) in 1983, and the Alliance for Restoration of Democracy (ARD) in 2002.
All is not well in PTI as dissention is growing in its rank and file. PTI’s former secretary general Jahangir Khan Tareen and his son are facing allegations of money laundering and price manipulation also a big players in the sugar industry.
Though, the opposition in fragmented state has been keeping the ruling PTI government on tenterhooks. But the existence of PTI is virtually at the mercy of its army. It is amply being proved when PTI government adopted a legislation by the National Assembly Standing Committee on Interior on April 7 , 2021 - “any Pakistani citizen who criticises the armed forces of the Islamic republic may now land in prison for two years, along with a fine worth Rs500,000 — or both.” A parliamentary panel in Pakistan has endorsed the controversial law.
Pakistan has been under military rule for almost half of its existence, with many governments dethrone before completing its term, mostly at the behest of the country's powerful armed might.