Political parties and \their people's representatives have transformed Indian democracy to a dummy system.
The anti-defection law seems highly inadequate to counter the encounter of legislators and parliamentarians
when a split occurs because of political or ideological differences in the party.
If two thirds members of legislators or parliamentarians "rebel" and form a new group, the party becomes helpless to take any action on the "rebels", though the rebellion is not on idelogical lines or on values.
The anti-defection law unknowingly highly favours law makers than the party. Law makers are part of the party and not the party.
That is why the parties become dumb and can't take any action on defectors, though the "rebellion" is other than moral or ideological reasons.
One of the reasons for this is all most all political parties in India are individual- or family-dominated
structures. They are not at all strong ideologically or morally.
Thus anti-defection law unfavourably put the judgement on the speaker. We are seeing many instances where the speakers are either delaying or sitting on the letters of parties in respect of action to be taken on the rebels.
The anti-deection law is full of loop holes and in these days of lack of morality either the political party or the rebels have to "suffer" "injustice".
The speakers are playing with the anti-dection law according to their whims and fancies.
All political parties are becoming losers by turns.
Immorality and lack of ideology and values in the structure of political parties, this type of "anarchy" is natural and universal.
In this drama, the voters and citizens are playing the role of mute spectators. They are mere pawns in this immoral chess game.