Due to climate change, the world is at a critical juncture. The dangers of climate change are known as potential threats that can be caused by variations, disasters, and situations caused by climate change. The global community has discovered long-term risks related to climate change and global warming. The World Watch Institute and the UK's Chief Scientific Advisor, David King, are calling climate change a major threat to terrorism, and the National Academy of Sciences, IPCC and the World Meteorological Association agree to tackle climate change threats. There is no disagreement over what is needed now.
Climate change poses a major threat to world security. Global Warming Commission reports that unreliable, inconsistent weather along with increased floods and droughts due to climate change will lead to human mortality and crop destruction. At this time, the whole world is in the grip of rapidly changing climate. The hottest weather in the region broke the record similar as coldest weather in the region last year and this year. Floods and storms caused catastrophic floods, and stormy rains unleashed. A large number of people living in Pakistan are not only directly affected by climate change, but also to avoid the negative effects of migration and transportation. It is also compelling to make difficult decisions like change. Pakistan is still losing $ 907 million (about 95 billion rupees) annually due to climate change, which accounts for 0.0974 of GDP annually. And close to 2,000 people lose their lives.
As temperature rises, life on Earth will decrease. That is why in the present situation, the United Nations is engaged in planning for environmental protection measures, but Pakistan, which is currently considered to be the tenth country affected by climate change, seems to have any significant steps in this regard in the coming future.
The world's leading environmental and climate experts from the United Nations have said that if we do not take other important steps, including limiting carbon dioxide emissions in the next few years, then floods, hurricanes, climate change. , Drought, destruction of crops can be accelerated which will have extraordinary negative consequences on the whole planet. Surprisingly, Pakistan is far behind in carbon dioxide emitting countries but according to German Watch it is the world's Includes seven countries that will be severely affected by climate change.
According to the London Environmental Justice Foundation, 26 million people around the world are forced to migrate due to climate change, and 500 to 600 million people will be forced to migrate by 2050, and other serious threats will arise. The major causes are the large concentrations of greenhouse gases emitted in the atmosphere, while the negative effects on the energy-producing environment of biological fuel, natural gas, coal, oil are many times more harmful than human activities. Coal produces more than 70% of carbon dioxide from the natural gas to produce a unit of energy, destroying the environment. Threats to climate change, including forest areas, fires, high-rise buildings, overcrowded populations, vehicular surges, etc.have been discussed at the UN Security Council.
According to experts, global temperatures have been increasing steadily since 1920, with temperatures rising 1.9 degrees centigrade in the northern areas, resulting in melting of ice, filling new lakes and related to climate change. According to the Intergovernmental Committee on Climate Change IPCC, large-scale water is being wasted.
Although the deadly effects of climate change in Pakistan have been clear for a few years, this sensitive and serious problem has not paid any attention, the United Nations has included Pakistan since 1989 in the list of countries that raise water in the oceans Due to rising levels of risk. According to the Web of Science, the Water Tower of Asia is the largest reservoir of ice after the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush and the Karakoram, the North Pole and the South Pole, and these mountain ranges are also guarantees of flow of the Indus. Pakistan faces two serious threats. Yes, the glaciers are melting due to the temperature rise in the north and the sea in the south.
Now it’s time for creation of awareness and take few practical sustainable steps for reduction of CO2 emission, water reservation, deforestation etc. all these could be achieved by simple plantation. So please start plantation at individual level because it’s cheapest and minor sustainable step which every individual can do.