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Earthquake hits Kashmir and Punjab
Dr. Naseem Sheikh Bookmark and Share

Climate change increases the risk of earthquakes and other natural disasters many fold. Aftershocks in Kashmir are proceeding and shaking tremors are felt in different areas. While women and children took refuge in local parks.
According to the district administration Mirpur, the earthquake caused the road infrastructure to be completely inflamed while the main highway and several bridges along the Mangla earth were lost. On the other hand, the number of people killed in the earthquake was 46 while 450 injured are under treatment in different areas, of which dozens are said to be in critical condition.

Severe earthquake has disrupted communication system in various cities of Punjab and Khabar Pakhtunkhwa including Kashmir and power supply has been suspended in several areas of Kashmir since yesterday afternoon.

According to the Disaster management authority, Pakistan, the magnitude earthquake at 4 pm on Tuesday afternoon was 5.8 and its depth was 10 km, and its center was 22.53 km north of Jhelum, the border between Kashmir and Punjab.  Chief Meteorologist Mohammad Riaz said the quake affected some areas of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, while most of the damage was done in Mirpur, Kashmir where the communication system was disrupted.

On the other hand, the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) stopped power generation from the country's largest dam in the earthquake, but was restored to ensure the dam was safe. After the power generation was restored in Mangla, again 700 MW power has been resumed to the National Grid which has eliminated the risk of long load shedding. According to the report, the irrigation department had closed the upper canal of the Jhelum River under the preventive measures to avoid damage to the aftershock. ” The turbines had no choice but to stop.

Spokeswoman Wapda said all the turbines were closed under security measures, which were restored to the Mangla Dam and to the power station without any knowledge of the damage. If the flow of water is high at Mangla station, there is a capacity to generate 1000 MW of electricity, while in winter, the capacity is limited to 196 MW. In addition, Pakistan Railways has also been advised to keep the speed of the train going through Jhelum, Dina and Khariya. Railway officials said that teams have been deployed to review the mainline, especially Lahore and Rawalpindi.

Precautions in the event of an earthquake

Here are some of the precautions that can be taken to minimize the potential loss of execution. With these measures and premature awareness, we can prevent earthquake damage.

Control your senses if you feel an earthquake. Instead of panicking, jumping from the top floor and screaming without panic, they can easily get out of the building so it is better to stay where they are.

Cover your head with your hands with both hands, and sit down in a corner instead of the middle of the room. If there is a strong table or bed, seek shelter under it. If no heavy furniture is nearby, seek shelter under the door frame or under the stairs, as the doors sometimes jam with jerks.

When in the kitchen or in the lab, close the valve as soon as the shock is mild, try to get out. If you're on the top floor, don't go down the stairs during the tremors. Never use the elevator. Shocks subside in 5-10 seconds. As soon as you leave, go down the upper floor into the open field. Stay at least ten feet away from the building. There will be more damage than a fog.

All occupants of the home, school, office or hotel should know where the gas, electricity and water valves are. Never strike match stitch in the dark, in case of gas leakage, it is likely to ignite.

Avoid the crockery and heavy items that fall off the shelf while in the kitchen or in the lab. Get away from the windows. Broken glass pieces can be dangerous so don't go barefoot. Do not open the upper cabinets and shelf boxes immediately after stopping.

If you feel the danger of a gas smell or short circuit, exit the main valve and fuse. Close the valve, use the fire extinguisher, and wrap the blanket in case of a fire. Practice looting on the floor and do the same for others.

If you are on the road or driving, park the car on the side of the road and sit in it. Be careful not to over or under the bridge, flyover, and no nearby electrical wires, poles, towers or advertising hoards. There is a risk of land sliding during and after earthquakes. Stay away from the cliffs and cracks of the mountain and protect yourself from falling rocks.

After a major earthquake in the coastal areas, seek shelter in a high place off the coast to avoid the tsunami waves.

Have a small battery-powered transistor radio. Follow the information and announcements provided by government agencies. Don't believe the rumors. Do not forward unverified information. This may further spread rumors.

Earthquakes will keep coming, but no one dies from their shock. Deaths are due to falling buildings and being buried under debris. If the buildings are constructed in accordance with the Building Code, they will withstand earthquake shocks to some extent and we can be safe from loss of life and property. If you are buried under debris, take precautions to protect yourself. Don't shout at people for help.

There are holes in the debris of buildings to allow air to pass through. But if the debris is shaken, the air pocket can be closed and oxygen may be lost. Unfortunately, we do not have the tools to cut down on dead dogs, livestock, so try to make sounds from a stone or iron object so rescue teams know the effects of life trapped in debris. Usually in these situations, even without assistance, a person can do surveys for four to five days without eating. By securing yourself you can help other people who seek help. Gradually pull everyone out of the building and reach out to the safe areas.

If there is any injury, arrange for first aid. Every home, office, educational institution should have a first aid box that should be clearly accessible to everyone. It should have basic first aid equipment, which will be of different sizes. Should have bandages, swiss knife, scissors, dettol tincture iodine, burnol boric acid, spirits, gloves, snacks, medicines for diarrhea, fever, headache and abdominal pain. From time to time, they should also be checked periodically and pills and medicines may change. At the same time, store large canisters, dry rations, sugar, porridge, noodles, biscuits, dry milk, gram, raisins, etc., in addition to any emergency.

It is very important that each of us, small and large, knows what are the plans to prevent losses in the event of a catastrophic disaster. Their integrated preparation at the individual, consensus, institutional and departmental level should be done in advance. All members of the family should know in advance where to gather in the event of an emergency. If children, the elderly and the elderly are in separate locations, wait for everyone to come together at a designated location.

Try not to use the phone unnecessarily. Telephone networks can interfere with rescue and relief work and government agencies' coordination efforts. Use sirens in emergency situations so people can be alert. Firing aerial to wake up at night makes people even more afraid. Sometimes people are reluctant to go out on tight streets for fear of blind bullets.


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09/25/2019
More by : Dr. Naseem Sheikh
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