Quantum Properties of Crystal Formation Using Bose-Einstein condensates by Pratanu Banerjee SignUp

Quantum Properties of Crystal Formation
Using Bose-Einstein condensates
Prof. Pratanu Banerjee Bookmark and Share

The quantum properties have been studied on the formation of crystal. It can be replicated. There is an investigation of those ultracold atoms. Dr. Axel U. J. Lode is the leader of the team from University of Freiburg's Institute of Physics. The work has been published in the journal named Physical Review Letters. The method of utilizing the dipolar atoms helps the realization along with the accurate measurement of those structures. It has not been studied in any kind of material. There is a theoretical study where there is a collaboration. The scientists are working at University of Freiburg, along with University of Vienna. The researchers of the Technical University of Vienna in Austria are studying it. It is great to share that the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur are also doing research.

There is ubiquitous nature of the Crystals. They have been formed through various materials. It can range the mineral salts along with the heavy metals e.g., bismuth. The structures have risen due to the regular order of the molecules or atoms. They have been favorable. The reason is that it needs the least amount of energy. The cube had one constituent on every eight corners. For example, there is a structure of the crystal which is quite common. There is structure of crystal which explores the physical properties. The nature of conduction of current or the heat has been explored. There is a question on the factors associated with the structure of crystal. They come up as the result of quantum properties along with interactions between the materials, which is quite hard scientifically to follow. There is a tough measure.

It is important to understand the quantum properties of crystal structure formation. The scientists could create the simulation of that process. They are utilizing the Bose-Einstein condensates. They are ultracold atoms which are trapped and they have been cooled down to the temperatures near absolute zero. It can be minus 273.15 degrees Celsius. The system is highly fragile and artificial. They are quite well within control. There is proper tuning along with the ultracold atoms. They work when there are constituents which are part of the crystal. The quantum simulator is run and the task is quite demanding in comparison to the growth of the crystal of a particular material. There are two primary advantage of the method. Firstly, the scientists could tune those properties for quantum simulator as per the will. The conventional crystals cannot do it. Secondly, there is a standard readout of the quantum simulators of cold-atom. We have found images having information on the particles of the crystal. In the general crystal, there is visibility of the exterior., In the  interior there are quantum properties and it is tough to observe.

Freiburg based researchers from Vienna have collaborated with the researchers of Kanpur to narrate the study. There is quantum simulator for the creation of crystal. It is quite flexible at the time of utilizing the ultracold dipolar quantum particles. There are Dipolar quantum particles which are understood and an investigation is carried out for the general crystal structure. There are arrangements which were not observed for any kind of substance. The research shows the nature of crystal orders which grow complicated competition between the kinetic, interaction and potential energy. It is important to know the nature of structures along with the properties of the crystals.

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