Nose in the Air

Ever watched your dog’s nose while on a walk? Either he lifts his head up and sniffs the air, ears twitching with a facial expression of apprehending some danger or someone round the bend of the road; or his nose is virtually glued to the ground as he appears to sniff some kind of trail. Well dogs have a great sense of smell.
Dogs survive on the power of their instincts and senses. Amongst the later the power to sniff is something to know more about.
Puppy arrives in this world in a bag or ‘caul’ and the moment his dam tears it open his nose starts working. A pup is born blind, his eyes develop later, yet immediately on arrival he sniffs around and locates a teat and gets busy. His world revolves around aromas. At the beginning till his eyes open he sniffs his way to his dam and is able to distinguish between the littermates though the world is still dark for him. In short smell means everything to a dog. He sniffs his food, sniffs your moods, sniffs the fear lurking in the mind of an intruder, sniffs and knows the condition of his mate, and sniffs the world around from the moment he is born till he dies.
Imagine while you stumble upon things on way home during a black out, your dog knows from within the confines of the room/house that you are on way home and his actions convey to other family members too that you are nearby. Similarly while still locked with you in your bedroom in the darkness of the night your pooch knows that someone is silently trying to intrude in your compound. All these ‘feats’ are possible because of a dog’s greater sniffing power.
We make use of this power of the dogs even during the initial stages of training a pup. For example you call the pup and as soon as he reaches you each time reward him with a piece of a particular brand of biscuit. He retains the aroma in his computer (brain). Later when he sniffs the wrapper of the same biscuit in the dustbin he almost pushes his nose in to retrieve it. But then he realises that peeping in to the dustbin is prohibited in this human society and he recollects something and comes running to you. That aroma tells him that he will get his reward if he goes to you.
Often people say that a dog can make out who loves them. Actually a dog makes out who is scared of him. You might have noticed that amongst the guests in your sitting room your dog goes and wags his tail in front of some of them, but does not go near some persons. Those individuals may not reflect their fear through words or other expressions, but the increase in traces of adrenalin in their sweat is enough to make your dog know the fear in the mind of particular guests.
Compared to our 5,000,000 smelling cells an Alsatian (GSD) has 22,000,000 cells in his nose. Other breeds too more or less have similar number of cells-may be slightly lower or higher, but certainly much more than ours. Naturally a dog can sniff even traces of old smell. This gift of the nature is best utilized by the dog for his survival and the smelling prowess of dog comes handy to humans as well. Sniffer dogs are well known all over the world. Right from trailing a criminal to detecting bombs concealed in public places, dogs are everywhere for our security.
In England when an eminent personality is addressing a crowd in a public place like Hyde Park, the crowd is not frisked. Instead lady constables in mufti intermingle with the crowd with a toy dog (like Chihuahua) in their lap. If some person in the crowd is carrying a firearm like a small pistol, the dog in the lap of the constable sniffs it out. He starts nudging the handler’s palm and she in turn alerts her counterparts. In no time the suspect is rounded and escorted out of the area. The traces of smell of cordite in the firearm are powerful enough for even a toy dog to sniff and alert the handler.
The world of dogs revolves around their sense of smell. A dog knows if the bitch within one kilometer radius of your house is in season or not. And he also knows if she is ready for procreation or not-a condition which our Vet friends find out after some tests only. Once the puppies are delivered, the dam keeps a count of them through their smell only. She starts looking around if one is missing. The pup on the other hand, if he wanders off and is not able to retrace his steps, locates his dam by her smell only.
The attachment of a pup with his master is also initially via smell only. Thus in case your dog is too much attached to you and if you have to leave him alone for more than two hours leave your used socks in his box. Your smell around will give him confidence that you are not far.
All pups develop attachment with their bedding. They are territorial animals hence the bedding denotes their own territory. They recognize it only through their body odor in the bedding. This trait comes handy, especially for bitch owners while trying to shift her to a separate room when she is expecting her new ones. One has just to pick up the bedding and place it in the desired room/corner of the house. The bitch will accept the place.
Dog’s establish territories not by constructing walls, but by their smells only. Thus, his bed is his territory and your bed is your territory. Often dog owners commit the mistake of sharing their territory (bed) with the dog. He enjoys encroaching upon your territory because it is an honor for a dog to share territory with the leader. But alas sometimes small mistakes on part of ignorant owners can lead to major problems. Sharing of territories is one of them. We will discuss this in detail in future blogs too, but here let me just cite an example. Suppose the lady of the house is expecting a baby. Till the baby arrives dog is used to share the bed with the couple. One fine morning he is shooed out to make room for the infant. For a dog the infant I an encroacher of the territory and there start the war of territories.
Dogs mark their territories in public places via drops of urine. Take your dog out on a walk and he would like to lift his leg against every lamp post. Ever thought why he prefers a lamp post? Dogs it seems have an uncanny sense of chemistry. Urine of dogs is highly acidic. The metallic lamp post corrodes with drops of urine. The surface of the post there gets kind of etched. The rough surface thus created retains the odor of urine for longer periods. It helps your dog to recollect his past visit and also helps to find out the status of those who visited later. It is because of this instinct of marking territory and highly developed apparatus to sniff and analyse the number, condition and sex of the visitors in the territory marked by a dog, makes him pass only drops or droplets of urine at a time. He always keeps ‘stock reserved’ for marking any unanticipated place.
The territorial instincts, combined with the highly developed sense of smell are utilized for house breaking a pup. I will be discussing the technique and pitfalls in some later blog. Till then let your dog relish the aroma of steak being cooked in your kitchen.

More By  :  V. K. Joshi (Bijji)

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  • Comments: 16

Comments on this Blog

Comment Thank you Mira. Keep reading, I will be posting more soon.

04-Jun-2010 02:57 AM

Comment Thank you Aanchal. I strongly believe loving and rearing a dog is easy, but to understand the mind of the dog and develop a perfect communication is something which requires lot of information. I am trying to pass on that information only.

04-Jun-2010 02:56 AM

Comment Thank you very much Himanshu. Am glad that you like them. Well I am just trying to distribute whatever dogs have taught me to all the dog lovers.

04-Jun-2010 02:54 AM

Comment Sir , indeed a great article again ,,, very interesting n useful too thnk uu sir :)

Mira Mehta
03-Jun-2010 10:09 AM

Comment Awesome Blog Sir.....and Surely this gives another proof of ur being WALKING ENCYCLOPAEDIA on dogs!!! hats off !!!

Anchal Kumar
03-Jun-2010 09:09 AM

Comment Sir,
Every article/blog of yours amazes me, there is so much to learn with every new blog. An awsome reading.

Himanshu Bahuguna
03-Jun-2010 06:21 AM

Comment Thanks Sunita, Your comments are welcome. I try to give some new information in each blog. Dogdom is a vast area to explore.

30-May-2010 01:15 AM

Comment Thanks Dharmendra, Dogs are part and parcel of human society-it is better to know them in and out to manage them better.

30-May-2010 01:14 AM

Comment Nice! Enjoyed reading  it. The bit about susu corroding the lamppost was new to me.Will try to read all the blogs.

29-May-2010 22:42 PM

Comment Your every article is incredible and very very informative. Sharing these information with us give a vital input to understand the behaviour of dogs which make easier to take care.
Thanks you Sir ....

29-May-2010 17:49 PM

Comment Thanks Mrugank for appreciating the article. But am sorry all published material here is copyright of However these blogs will be there to be read by all dog lovers for long time to come. One can read them, earn from them. This applies to all blogs published in Comments from doggy people are most welcome because if they have enjoyed a blog-it means a lot to me.

29-May-2010 10:55 AM

Dear Sir,
So nicely written, it will be great if..after publishing you can send a soft copy of every material. Will love to keep it as a ready reference. Loved reading it... thanks for sharing it in a very simple language to make it easy to understand to every owner.
Thanks once again...

Mrugank Rathi
29-May-2010 10:42 AM

Comment Thanks Ankush, am glad that u found it useful.

29-May-2010 07:29 AM


very educative...keep writing sir !!!!

29-May-2010 04:53 AM

Comment Thank you Mahid. In order to understand a dog it is important to know everything about him. That is why I dealt with the instincts first and now on to senses. Gradually I wish to take my readers inside the brain of a dog and see what goes on there! Keep reading and commenting.

29-May-2010 02:57 AM

Comment truly a must read by every dog owner thanks so much for posting this already waiting for your next post!

29-May-2010 02:51 AM

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