Isha Upanishad - Shloka 14

Sambhutim ca vinasam ca yastad vedo-bhaygm saha,
vinasena mrtyum tirtva sambhutya- mrtam –asnute (14)

He, who understands at the same time
both the unmanifest (The First Cause; Creation)
and the Manifest (Vinash of the creation; destruction)
crosses death through knowledge of the world
and attains immortality
through experience of the First Cause (The Manifest; Brahman).

We observe that science, mind and spirit, all combine, constantly endeavour to and seek happiness and Bliss in life. The three are not contradictory, rather complimentary to each other in the service of human welfare in this and the other worldly deliverance. They actually serve as dimensions of human existence relating to body, mind and spirit. It is science of matter that presents with the means of comfort and ease but the true happiness lies in the mind. Mind is the place in which we can make a heaven of hell and hell of heaven. All that we are is the result of what we think. What we think, we are. The thinker is the thought.  Hence for any spiritual fulfilment of life, happiness and bliss, we have to rise beyond thought; not falling back to any level below thought - the thought of an animal or a demon.  It is not the subject but the state of mind that relates to true happiness but mind is fed by senses. It knows, thinks and makes one act. Hence mind has to be trained, controlled and balanced. It is here that the function of Sambhoot or spirituality comes to our aid.  It guides our discriminating faculty and makes easy to find out difference between the Real and that what is not Real. It makes us know the all-pervading Self and be one with It. It is thus clear that in the all-round welfare of human existence, the part played by science, mind and religion or the synthesis of Asambhoot  and Sambhoot becomes of paramount importance.

Asambhoot is something temporary, ephemeral. It is of the world and in the world. It is the manifestation of Sambhoot. Hence God is seen in such appearances. It is believed that God manifests in many forms, hence the proliferation of deities and rituals; customs and ceremonies. All lead to the worship of the unmanifest under manifestation. This brings about the worship of personal Gods with attributes. All gods are worshipped.  Each god possesses and preserves its own representative significance.  All appearances stand for Brahman, not only underlying It but also permeating It. Whatever god turn out to be, it can only be the Supreme that turn out to be and none else. He is the Infinite Existence, Infinite Consciousness and Infinite Bliss. The devotee remains conscious of the Absolute throughout the process. The more one grows up spiritually, he gains sensitivity to behold divinity even in the ordinary manifestation like flowers and leaves but at the highest level, it is rooted in Brahman, immersed in contemplation of Brahman and needs no manifestation to remind him of the Divine. 

Offerings to gods like Varun, Rudra , Agni, who actually do not exist may seem to be a waste of energy but it becomes a social commitment useful in scheme of stress- management and social harmony. Even the clapping of hand-pans, the singing of bhajans and japas serve as treatment for heart ailments and stress.  Puja- concept seems useful for secretion of Dhea or anti –aging. It is also in the perception of such acts that we believe that god exists in many forms.
All paths constantly endeavour to seek more happiness.  It is the eternal nature of human being. Body, mind and intellect of a living being function in this direction. Science, religion and spirituality all aim at making human being happier and remain centred round this aim without any condition.  All the three are related to body, mind and soul and therefore are complementary; serving as three dimensions of human existence. Science provides us with the means of comforts and aims at physical wellness . As true happiness lies in the mind, it is the state of mind fed by senses and elements that counts. Religion trains us in self-control and equanimity. One restores to various ways in the sphere of mind-control. Worship of the personal god is one such mental activity. This leads an individual to the path of devotion, the worship of Asambhoot or a personal god, Ishta deva. Such a devotee understands well that the one who is not Vishnu does not deserve any benefit from the worship of Vishnu. All the divine splendour of Vishnu has to be his as the devotee has to transform himself to the very image of his worship.

It is irrational to rundown or reject any ritual or custom or form of worship because it is not to one’s liking, preference or understanding. Customs and rituals take shape only after a great deal of thought, practice and experience to contribute to the betterment and welfare of the physical and mental level of people on the path of spiritual advancement.  At the same time, if we are stuck life-long to institutions such as of rituals and customs alone, It will be like building a new bridge and not crossing it. We remain fixed up where we are at present. Those who have minds attached to the unmanifest go through great strain as it is always difficult for the body mind conscious people to get  attuned. A learned and knowledgeable person reaches the goal yet remains a little distance away from it. Such is the case of these bhakta devotees. There remains more often some demand in his prayers and some sort of duality. An unbroken flow of Bliss baffles them as even the jnanis fail to shirk their vanity and ego and the devotee –like concept of duality.
The worship of the Manifest , Sagun  or celebration of rituals, customs and other ways of different life style are never mandatory, absolute or inevitable. There is no compulsion. One may or may not follow one scheme or the other, no problem. Ways may differ. The secret of success lies in the motive and intentions leading to mental upliftment. Ultimately the mind has to leave every symbol, every notion and give up all thoughts. At this stage the unmanifest disappears as the manifest and there remains only Self manifesting as Self.

We all know the case of Sri Ramkrishna Paramhansa. He had to get rid of his obsession of Mother Kali; cut off her image by his own discretion and the moment he could do so, he got enlightenment. Obviously, there is no duality on the path of Salvation. The story goes that the divine mother Yogeshwari commanded him to take lesson from Swami Tota Puri. He taught him Upanishads, and about identification of soul with Brahman. Then he asked him to meditate on Atman, the Self alone. He failed to do so as the very thought of Mother Kali appeared before him as a living identity in his meditation. He failed to concentrate on the formless. Then his guru picked up a piece of broken glass from near him, pressed it between his eye-brows and asked him to concentrate the mind on this point. Then in the words of Sri Ramkrisna, ‘I began to meditate as directed, and when this time also the blessed form of the Mother Kali appeared before me, I used my sense of discrimination as a sword and severed her form in two. Then my mind soared immediately beyond all duality. It entered into Nirvikalpa Samadhi, the non-dual, unitary, Consciousness.” (Spiritual Heritage of India p 335).

We are led to conclude that an individual can reach beyond sorrow and death only through the integrated approach of devotion and knowledge or sambhoot and asambhoot both at the same time or in other words, by the synthesis of science, religion and spirituality. One has to transcend all notions and even destiny. One is bound neither by body nor its destiny. Self-realisation is the simple state of being that which is and yet it is a rare state unknown to seers and has only been glimpsed briefly only by the mystics. One has to understand the manifest and the unmanifest, sambhoot and asambhoot both at the same time; the cause of the manifestation and the destruction of the manifested in order to achieve Bliss in this world as well as in the other world. Then alone is attained the state which is not the consciousness of inner (subjective ) world, nor of the outer (objective ) world; not even that of which is the consciousness of both the worlds as mass of consciousness. It is neither a state of pure and simple consciousness nor that of unconsciousness. Such state is unperceived, unrelated ,incomprehensible, rare and non-descript. The consciousness manifests as Self when all phenomenon cease.  It is a state of all Bliss, peace and non-duality. This is the state, one has to realise and it can only be realised when all notions are totally lost.
It is difficult to describe this state, we often call  Samadhi since it transcends the mind and speech. We can only experience it. It is clear that holding on Reality is Samadhi. Holding on to Samadhi with effort is Savikalpa Samadhi and merging with Reality and being totally unaware of the outer world is Nirvikalpa Samadhi. The Yogi has no worries, anxieties and nothing to care about as nothing now belongs to him; everything is done and guided by something with which he remains in union.  No notions are existent now. 

Lord Buddha says that the Tathagata does not cherish within his mind arbitrary concepts of phenomena such as one’s own self, other selves, living beings and a universal self. Even when the Tathagata refers to himself, he is not holding with his mind any such arbitrary thought. Only terrestrial human beings think of selfhood as being a personal possession ‘(The Teachings of Raman Maharishi )’. Even the term terrestrial being used is used as a figure of speech.

Previous: Isha Upanishad - Shloka 13 
Next: Isha Upanishad - Shloka 15


More by :  Dr. R. K. Lahri

Top | Hinduism

Views: 3592      Comments: 0

Name *

Email ID

Comment *
Verification Code*

Can't read? Reload

Please fill the above code for verification.