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A tale of Subversive Anti-nationalism - I
|by V. Sundaram|
Many many years ago, the great historian Dr. R C Majumdar spotlighted the traditional Chinese way of perceiving and feeling, thinking and acting: 'There is, however, one aspect of Chinese culture that is little known outside the circle of professional historians. It is the aggressive imperialism that characterized the politics of China throughout the course of her history, at least during the part of which is well known to us. Thanks to the systematic recording of historical facts by Chinese themselves, we are in position to follow the imperial and aggressive policy of China from the third century BC to the present day, a period of more than 2200 years. It is characteristic of China that if a region once acknowledged her nominal suzerainty, even for a short period, she should regard it as a part of her empire for ever and she would automatically revive her claim over it even after a thousand years whenever and wherever there was a chance of enforcing it.'
Against this blatantly belligerent historical background of China, I am not at all surprised China's ambassador Sun Yuxi in New Delhi has created a diplomatic flutter in the capital on Monday by reiterating Beijing's claim to Arunachal Pradesh.
The common people of India, more particularly of North Eastern India, have always remained suspicious of the moves and motives of Beijing? ever plagued by the dark memories of the disastrous Chinese invasion of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in 1962. Indian army was routed and the Chinese took over important towns in Arunachal Pradesh including Tawang which China claims as its own. Tawang is famous for its Buddhist monastery.
China has shown a pronounced tendency to make preposterous territorial claims over areas and territories belonging to India or Tibet ever since the draconian days of Mao Tse Tung beginning from 1949. Like Hitler invading France and Belgium in 1940, China invaded Tibet in 1950. Later in a surreptitious manner, she occupied 30,000 Sq.Km of high plateau country in the Western Sector known as the Aksai Chin in the district of Ladakh of Jammu and Kashmir State bordering Tibet and Xinjiang province of China. Again in October 1962, China demonstrated her wicked ability to operate as an unprovoked aggressor by invading India in the Eastern Sector and later claiming 90,000 Sq.Km of Indian territory as her own on either side of the Himalayan watershed. More than an area of 20,000 Sq.Km in the Middle sector on either side of the Himalayan watershed and passes has also been a matter of continuous dispute between China and India ever since our independence.
This recent Chinese claim over the northeastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh has sparked off angry reactions among regional lawmakers demanding that New Delhi should settle the issue once and for all during President Hu Jintao's visit next week. Nabam Rebia, a Congress MP from Arunachal Pradesh, has demanded: 'New Delhi must say explicitly that Arunachal Pradesh is an integral part of India and such statements should not be made by China in future'.
In a letter to External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee, Nabam Rebia has made it clear that Government of India should immediately take up the matter with the Chinese President when he visits India 20 November on a four-day trip.
T G Rinpoche, a revered Buddhist spiritual leader and a ruling Congress legislator, has stated: 'Prime Minister Manmohan Singh should take up this sensitive matter during the Chinese President's visit and try to get a commitment from Beijing not to rake up such issues again, The majority of the people residing along the border with China are Buddhists and everybody here rejects Beijing's claims. Government of India has strongly reacted to the Chinese claims with Pranab Mukherjee declaring, 'Arunachal Pradesh is an integral part and parcel of India'.
Soon after the Communist victory against the Guomindang and the founding of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) on 1 October 1949, Radio Beijing announced that 'the People's Liberation Army must liberate all Chinese territories, including Tibet, Xinjiang, Hainan and Taiwan. On 7 October 1950, 40,000 Chinese troops under Political Commissar, Wang Qiemi, attacked Eastern Tibet's provincial capital of Chamdo, from eight directions. The small Tibetan force, consisting of 8,000 troops and militia, were defeated. After two days, Chamdo was taken and Kalon (Minister) Ngapo Ngawang Jigme, the Regional Governor, was captured. Over 4,000 Tibetan fighters were killed. Thus Tibet was occupied by China in 1950.
On account of Nehru's obdurate stupidity founded on unrequited infatuation for the Muslims, a part of Kashmir was handed over on a platter to the invading marauders from Pakistan in 1948-1949. When Tibet was attacked in October 1950, he remained unconcerned and if anything more pro-Chinese than any other Government in the world. Thus Tibet and its peaceful people were dumped into the dung-heap of history by Nehru much against the statesmanlike and courageous advice of Sardar Vallabhai Patel who clearly saw through the dangerous, imperialistic moves and maneuvers of China at that time. He wrote a prophetic letter to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 7 November 1950 not only deploring Indian Ambassador K M Panikkar's action but also warning about dangers from China:
Jawaharlal Nehru was so vain and egoistic that he summarily rejected the advice of Sardar Patel and embraced China. His egoism was such that whenever he attended a wedding, he wanted to replace the bridegroom; wherever he went for a funeral, he wanted to replace the corpse. This unabashed egoism has landed our great country in a state of mess in perpetuity and eternal shame.
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