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Child Warriors of Kashmir
|by Prakriiti Gupta|
On July 12, 2005, Mohammad Akram, 11, was on his way home from school when he was stopped by a group of terrorists. They asked him to throw a grenade in the local market place, and promised him Rs 500 (1US$=Rs 43) for the task. Terror-stricken Akram did not have a choice - he had to do as the men said. But before he could fling the grenade, it exploded in his hands, injuring him severely.
A few days later, Tahira, 9, from Pangai village, Poonch district, was seriously injured when an improvised explosive device (IED) that she was handling exploded. She too had been forced by terrorists to place the IED on a road often used by the Indian troops.
An alarming number of children are being used as 'terror tools' by various terrorist groups in Jammu and Kashmir. The children are used as spies, porters, and as guerrillas who throw grenades and plant IEDs. The children (some barely nine or 10 years of age) are even used as shields in encounters and deployed in operations against Indian security agencies.
"The terrorists sometimes give Rs 100 for throwing a grenade. In most cases, either the children get hurt or they miss their target (security forces), which results in many civilians being hurt. That's why there are so many civilians dying in grenade attacks these days," explains R K Chibber, Public Relations Officer with the Army.
Srinagar Police Inspector General Javed Maqdoomi adds, "There are umpteen examples where unsuspecting children have been used either as couriers to send messages or to ferry arms and explosives. A security patrol would never bother to search a child earlier. But now we need to change our strategy."
Increasingly, the army has been discovering several 'young warriors' working for terrorist groups. Abdul Gafoor, 12, from the remote Udhampur village, was 'recruited' by terrorists and used for operations against the security forces. He travelled with the Hizbul Mujahideen men in the thick forests of Pakikot, Narla and Larki in the hilly belt of Udhampur.
Terrorists killed his father in 2003 and his mother was kidnapped for allegedly having links with security forces. "The first two months, I was made to wash utensils and carry their load as they moved from one village to another. Later, I was trained to use the AK-47 rifle and handle explosives," he said, narrating his experience after being rescued by the security forces in 2004. Gafoor was also used as a spy and as a human shield during attacks on army patrols.
In June 2005, during an encounter in the Pir Panjal mountains, the army found Muzaffar Iqbal, barely 11, doing the job of a porter, guide and a part-time guerrilla. Iqbal was recruited one day in February 2004 at gunpoint while he was returning from school. "I was also made to carry sorties (raid or an attack)...we were not aware of the bigger game-plan of the terrorists," he is reported to have told the army.
Mohammad Altaf, 13, was with the terrorists for more than a year. "Five other children and I worked day and night. We cooked for the terrorists and washed utensils. We were also trained in arms and sent to get weapons from hideouts," he says.
The security forces claim that along the Indo-Pak border, Pakistani boys, as young as 13-14 years, carrying deadly weapons, have been arrested. Recently, nine such children were picked up from the Line of Control. They revealed they had been trained at a madrassa (religious school) in Pakistan and were sent back to India territory after undergoing basic military training.
At times, these child warriors also get killed in encounters. On August 8, 2003, a 13-year-old boy was killed in the Mendhar sector of Poonch district while entering Indian territory from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. The child was among the seven other terrorists killed in an encounter.
Most of the children picked up by terrorists are from remote areas of Rajouri, Poonch, Doda, Udhampur and Kupwara, and belong to very poor and illiterate families. In fact, the Jammu and Kashmir police has noticed a clear trend since 2004 - more and more children go missing from remote areas. An estimated 100 children have been reported missing in Kashmir since 2004.
"In the early 1990s," says Srinagar Inspector General of Police Javed Maqdoomi, "a handful of children were involved. Last year (2004), around 200 were recruited by the terrorists and hidden in the mountains. We only know of children missing when a complaint is registered. If we consider unreported cases, the number of children missing and recruited by terrorists may run into hundreds."
Chibber explains, "The terrorist groups (many of whom have lost several members in recent years) want to save trained terrorists for bigger operations. Constantly, they are directed by their leaders to launch big attacks."
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