Ayurvedic view of Etiological Factor (Hetu) by Dr. Shital Nathgosavi SignUp
Boloji.com
Boloji
Home Kabir Poetry Blogs BoloKids Writers Contribute Search Contact Site Map Advertise RSS Login Register
Boloji
Channels

In Focus

Analysis
Cartoons
Education
Environment
Going Inner
Opinion
Photo Essays

Columns

A Bystander's Diary
Business
My Word
PlainSpeak
Random Thoughts

Our Heritage

Architecture
Astrology
Ayurveda
Buddhism
Cinema
Culture
Dances
Festivals
Hinduism
History
People
Places
Sikhism
Spirituality
Vastu
Vithika

Society & Lifestyle

Family Matters
Health
Parenting
Perspective
Recipes
Society
Teens
Women

Creative Writings

Book Reviews
Ghalib's Corner
Humor
Individuality
Literary Shelf
Love Letters
Memoirs
Musings
Quotes
Ramblings
Stories
Travelogues
Workshop

Computing

CC++
Computing Articles
Flash
Internet Security
Java
Linux
Networking
Ayurveda Share This Page
Ayurvedic view of Etiological Factor (Hetu)
by Dr. Shital Nathgosavi Bookmark and Share
 

Every event taking place anywhere in this universe essentially has a cause it may be apparent in some instances and may not be in some. Similarly, the disease process has a causative factor; this causative factor is Hetu/Nidan.

In Ayurveda the best medicine is that which makes good health and the best physician is one who cures the patient from diseases. Treatment of diseases will be effective only with good knowledge of Nidan (diagnosis). The term Nidan stands for both Vyadhijanak (cause of disease) and Vyadhibodhak (knowledge of disease). Vyadhijanak nidan is called as Hetu and Vyadhibodhak nidan comprises of Nidan, Purvarup, rup, Upashay and Samprapti.

A particular factor can be called as nidan only when it will develop a complete disease process (Setikartavyata) in the body either immediately or after a certain period, because Nidan produces disorder through aggravation of doshas.  Doshas aggravated by respective etiology give rise to disorder.

Synonyms - Etiology (nidan) has many synonyms like nimitta, hetu, karan, yoni, ayatan, pratyay, utthan, karta and mula.

Types - There are following 14 types of Nidanas given in Madhavnidan  madhukosh tika.

Type – 1: Ayurveda has identified three main etiological factors as being responsible for all sorts of diseases and ill health. They are:

                1) Asatmyendriyartha samyoga  
                2) Prajnaparadha
                3) Parimana.

Type – 2  1) Sannikrusta hetu
                2) Viprakrushta hetu
                3) Vyabhichari hetu    
                4) Pradhanika hetu

Type – 3  1) Dosha hetu
                2) Vyadhi hetu
                3) Ubhaya hetu

Type – 4   1) Utpadak hetu 
                 2) Vyanjak hetu

Type – 5   1) Bahya hetu
                 2) Abhyantar hetu.

Role of Hetu in Chikitsa (Treatment)

The chikitsa mainly consist of Nidanparivarjan along with other chikitsa, it is not the complete stoppage of all hetus but it is very important to consume hetus limited as per only need, the excess must cause harm. It is useful to guide about pathyapthya to the patients as hetu becomes apathya in vyadhi.

In difficult cases where diagnosis is elusive, exploratory therapies (Upashaya- Anupshaya) in the form of trial and error method is adopted to arrive at a diagnosis. Exploratory therapy involves the use of medicines, diet and activities as Hetuviparit chikitsa (Antagonist to cause).

If there is any doubt about diagnosis of the disease, observation of the etiological factors leads to confirmation of the same.

In these ways, Nidana is helpful in diagnosis of disease.
 

16-Feb-2014
More by :  Dr. Shital Nathgosavi
 
Views: 699
Article Comment very nice article
pankaj bhange
02/18/2014
 
Top | Ayurveda







A Bystander's Diary Analysis Architecture Astrology Ayurveda Book Reviews
Buddhism Business Cartoons CC++ Cinema Computing Articles
Culture Dances Education Environment Family Matters Festivals
Flash Ghalib's Corner Going Inner Health Hinduism History
Humor Individuality Internet Security Java Linux Literary Shelf
Love Letters Memoirs Musings My Word Networking Opinion
Parenting People Perspective Photo Essays Places PlainSpeak
Quotes Ramblings Random Thoughts Recipes Sikhism Society
Spirituality Stories Teens Travelogues Vastu Vithika
Women Workshop
RSS Feed RSS Feed Home | Privacy Policy | Disclaimer | Site Map
No part of this Internet site may be reproduced without prior written permission of the copyright holder.
Developed and Programmed by ekant solutions